AbbreviatedResearch Plan: Quantitative Design
AbbreviatedResearch Plan: Quantitative Design
Stressaffects early all people irrespective of their age or socialstatuses. This is because stress is inevitable in the normal life(Lin & Yusoff, 2013). However, there are some groups that aremore vulnerable to social stress than others depending on theenvironment in which they spend most of their time and developmentalstage as well as their dairy activities. College students agedbetween 18 and 35 years is one of these groups where stress affectstheir well-being and academic performance. This research willdetermine the impact of social support on students’ ability tomanage their social stress.
Theaim of the present research is to determine whether there is arelationship between stress management and social support. Thefindings of the study will help the researcher in determining ifsocial support is an effective strategy that can be used to managestress among the college students. The findings will expand the bodyof knowledge on the effectiveness of social support among thispopulation that is highly vulnerable to social stress.
Thepresent research will seek to answer the question, “Is therelationship between stress management and social supportstatistically significant?” The researcher will answer the questionafter observing responses to the survey and measuring social supportas the key variable.
Thepresent research hypothesis that, “Social support enhances theindividual’s view of stress and how they manage it”. Thisresearcher will test the hypothesis by determining view that thestudy subjects have and their effectiveness in managing stress afterbeing introduced to social support groups.
Thepresent research will focus on the determination of the keycharacteristics of college students aged between 18 years and 35years as well as the extent to which the use of social supportimpacts their capacity to manage stress. A total of 25 students willbe recruited in a random way from five different colleges. Some ofthe factors that the researcher should consider when determining thesize of the sample include the size of the target population, levelof confidence, anticipated margin error, and standard deviation(Smith, 2013). This population has been selected because of theassumed high prevalence of social stress among the college students.
Themost preferred design for procedures of data collection in thepresent research is a survey design. This survey will be done usingself-administered questionnaires. The survey design is preferredbecause it helps researchers in obtaining getting a direct responseabout the subjective experience of participants (Wyse, 2012). Theresearcher will measure social support using “the Berlin SocialSupport Scale”. This is an effective tool that is used in measuringinstrumental, emotional, and informational support. Social supportwill be considered as the independent variable while stressmanagement will be taken as the dependent variable. A qualitativedesign would not be preferred for the present study because itsin-depth approach would limit the scope. The mixed design calls formore time than using a quantitative design alone (Creswell, 2012).
ImogeneKing’s theoretical or conceptual framework will be suitable for thepresent study. This framework has been selected because it helpsresearchers in interrelating different concepts of perception,stress, interaction, development, self, and communication (Gonzalo,2011). The framework will help the researcher in studying differentfactors pertaining to social stress and its management.
Someof the key threats of validity that should be considered in thepresent research include selection of participants and measurement ofsocial support. These threats will be mitigated through clarificationof possible bias, external audit, and peer debriefing (Hanumanthappa,2014).
Thedata will be analyzed using a t-test and descriptive statistics. Thet-test will help in indicate the impact of social support in stressmanagement is significant. Descriptive statistics will be used todetermine the standard deviation and mean for both the dependent andindependent variable.
Ethicalconsiderations in the research are mainly intended to ensure that theresearch protects the interests as well as the well-being of theparticipants. This will be done by obtaining an informed consent ofall subjects. The significance of the consent form is to inform thesubjects about their rights to take part, withdraw from the researchwithout any fines, how their privacy will be protected, and potentialbenefits or harm (if any) of taking part in the study.
Collegestudents are highly vulnerable to social stress due to theirdevelopmental stage and frustrations they when trying to establishromantic and stable relationships. An effective strategy forenhancing the capacity of college students to manage their stress ishighly welcome in the modern society. The aforementioned methods andprocedures will determine the usefulness of social support among thecollege students in the management of stress.
Creswell,W. (2012).Researchdesign: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approach (3rdEd.).Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Gonzalo,A. (2011). King’s conceptual system and theory of global attainmentand transaction process. TheoreticalFoundation of Nursing.Retrieved August 11, 2015, fromhttp://nursingtheories.weebly.com/imogene-m-king.html
Hanumanthappa,M. (2014). Threatsto validity and mitigation strategies in empirical softwareengineering.Munchen: Technische Universitat Munchen.
Lin,H. J., & Yusoff, M. B. (2013). Psychological distress, sources ofstress and coping strategy in high school students. InternationalMedical Journal,20(6),672-676.
Smith,S. (2013, April 8). Determining sample size: How to ensure you getthe correct sample size. Qualtrics.Retrieved August 11, 2015, fromhttps://www.qualtrics.com/blog/determining-sample-size/
Wyse,E. (2012, November 16). What are the advantages and disadvantages ofsurveys? SnapSurvey Ltd.Retrieve August 11, 2015, fromhttp://www.snapsurveys.com/blog/advantages-disadvantages-surveys/