Adoption process



In order to become a leader in child welfare organizations, it isessential to engage in learning the adoption process and therequirements of adoption in the area or county one wants to work.Hamilton County highlights specific requirements for adopting a childthrough the various licensed agencies (NCWWI, 2015). There are anumber of steps that are involved in the adoption process in HamiltonCounty. These steps are the ones applied across Ohio State and aredictated by the Hamilton County job and family services. It is usefulto note that it is not every person who can adapt, but there arevarious qualifications such as age and financial status. Thestep-parent wishing to adopt must be in a position to take care ofthe child just as the biological parent would have taken care of thechild (AdoptUSKids, 2015). The following are the various steps thatmust be followed in the adoption process in Hamilton County. It isuseful to mention that the steps are followed whether one is using apublic adoption agency or a private adoption agency.

As a leader or staff in child welfare, it is also essential to equiponeself with the National Child Welfare Workforce Institute`s (NCWWI)Leadership Competency Framework. This is a framework that contains anumber of competencies that are paramount to the child welfareorganizations. As a staff or a leader is child welfare, one isrequired to have these competencies in order to deliver the necessaryservices that will lead to the effective growth and development ofthe child. These competencies will also ensure that the leaderensures that the adoption process is followed and that children fallsinto the right hands of foster parents.

The adoption process in Hamilton County

Using the internet and the Hamilton county website, it was easy tolearn the adoption process and the adoption policy in HamiltonCounty. According to the Department of Job and Family Services,adoption process starts with one familiarizing oneself with theprocess and the various aspects of adoption and foster care inHamilton. It is essential to note that the adopting a child may seemjoyful but it comes along with permanent commitments andresponsibilities. It is essential to note that the foster parentrequires to take time to develop trust with the child he or she isadopting (FYlaw network, 2015). This initial step is followed byselecting an adoption agency. The website clearly states that thereare private and public agencies which deal with adoption and fostercare services. The agency should be a position to provide informationregarding the type of parent required for the child or whether thereare any fees involved in the process of adopting the child. It isworth stating that the private agencies may charge fees for servicessuch as home study. This is however not the case with public agencieswhose services are mostly free.

The adopting parents must take sufficient time to know the childrenwho are waiting to be adopted. These children may have ailments whichrequire medical attention and they all require caring, foreverfamilies to stay. Whereas the children may be a source of joy to theadopting family, it is clear that this is a lifetime commitment whichmust be well thought out. After the selection of the agency one wantsto work with, the next step in the process is to make a writtenapplication to the agency (Ohio State Bar Association, 2015). It waslearnt that the application has a detailed explanation of the type ofa child that a foster parent wants from the agency (FYlaw network,2015). This application is followed by pre-service training where theadoptive parents are trained on the various aspects of adoptionprocess. The training may comprise of the behavioral challenges thatthe parents may have to deal with and issues to deal with culturalchanges and child development.

A home study is done to ensure that the adoptive parents are indeedready to receive the child being adopted. This service may be chargedby the private agencies, but it free from the public agencies. Thisprocess ascertains the readiness of the adoptive parent such as hisfinancial status and criminal background records. It is useful tonote that various agencies will demand different and varyinginformation during the home study (FYlaw network, 2015). However, onething that is common is that the home study is meant to ascertain thereadiness of the adoptive parent to receive the waiting child. Afterthe agency approves the home, it is clear from research that it isessential to work with the social worker and the agency to find theright child for you. The social worker and the agency will take timeto find a child with the characteristics and behaviors that fit yourdescription.

Once the family accepts the child selected by the social worker andthe agency, the next step is a meeting between the child and thefamily members. This pre-placement meetings will be followed with thechild being taken home by the social worker and being left under thecare of the adoptive parents. The social worker will however bemaking trips to the home to find out how the child is developing(FYlaw network, 2015). What follows this is a legal process ofadopting the child where the adoptive parent files an adoptionpetition and the case is heard and determined. If the court favorsthe decision to adopt, the adoptive parent is issued with an originalbirth certificate for the child.

It is clear that this is immense information that requires trainingfor any staff in the child welfare department. The knowledge of theadoption policy and process in Hamilton has broadened my knowledgeregarding the issue of child welfare. It is clear that the adoptiveparents must be assessed to ensure that they have the ability to takeof the child they are adopting (HCkids, 2015). The motive of theparents must be known and it must be ascertained that they areadopting the child to take care of him or her. It is not in doubtthat the learning of the process of adoption in Hamilton County hasled to professional growth. There is a deeper understanding of theprocess and the steps involved. As a child welfare profession, thisinformation is extremely useful. Adoption should be aimed atproviding care and support for the child as described in theDepartment of Job and Family Services of Ohio State. The informationprovided herein regarding the adoption process will be essential inthe day to day activities in the child welfare organization.

The National Child Welfare Workforce Institute`s (NCWWI) LeadershipCompetency Framework has also provided insight regarding theattributes that a child welfare leader or staff should possess. Theseare competencies which are aimed at ensuring that the child beingadopted or put into foster care is well taken care of and iscomfortable (NASW, 2013). As a leader in the child welfareorganization, it is essential to have the competency of being goaldriven. In other words, a leader must be leading change. This aprimary leadership competency that has been highlighted by theframework (NASW, 2013). Secondly, the framework requires leaders inthe child welfare organizations to be leading people. This is afunction of development the human resource. Child welfare leadersrequire this competency in order to work effectively towards thewelfare of the children.

The third competency that is highlighted in the framework is that ofleading for results. This is a competency that is calling foraccountability. A leader in child welfare organization must be in aposition to account for his or her actions. This will ensure that theleader looks into the welfare of the children. The last principleaccording to the framework is that of the ability to buildcollaboratives where the leader leads in context (NASW, 2013). Thesecompetencies go hand in hand with the various leadership principles.These principles include being collaborative, adaptive, distributive,inclusive, and outcome based. A deeper look into these principleswill indicate that they reinforce the competencies. This knowledgeregarding the adopting process and the competencies required for aleader in child welfare organizations have enhanced the professionalknowledge regarding child welfare issues.


FYlaw network. (2015). Steps to adopting a child in Ohio.Retrieved from:

Ohio State Bar Association. (2015). Step-Parent Adoption IsPermanent. Retrieved from: 204.aspx

AdoptUSKids. (2015). Ohio Foster Care and Adoption Guidelines.Retrieved from:

HCkids. (2015). Hamilton County Job &amp Family Services. Retrievedfrom:

NASW. (2013). Standards for social work practice in child welfare.Pdf.

NCWWI. (2015). National child welfare workforce institute.Retrieved from: