AN EVENING WITH GREAT US HISTORY FIGURES

ANEVENING WITH GREAT US HISTORY FIGURES

1.BerlinAirlift

Afterthe WWI, the Soviet and the Western powers (U.S.A, France andBritain) subdivided Germany into small territories. The Sovietoccupied the eastern side of Germany while the western powersoccupied the west portion. The western side received their basicsupplies from the capital of Germany, Berlin, which was situated over100 miles in the occupied Soviet region from the western heldborder.1However, the Soviets realized the western powers had introduced astrong common currency in the area they had occupied, and they wereplanning to reunite the region. To sabotage them, it closed down thecanal and the Autobahn the west used to deliver their supplies fromBerlin. The Soviet reasoned that the West would be forced to leaveGermany for good because they would have no means to acquiresupplies.2On the contrary, the West resolved to transport their supplies fromWestern Europe to Western Germany through the air (“OperationVITTLES”) since if they left the country, the Soviet Union could beat a better position to spread communism. The Berlin blockade lastedfor a year (1948-1949).3

2.McCarthyism

Theterm refers to the action of making allegations of treason towards acertain group of people without solid and reliable evidence. Besides,the investigators use unreasonable analytical methods so that theycan prevent political criticism or opposition from other groups.McCarthy was a senator from Wisconsin who alleged that Communists`spies had infiltrated the United States.4Several civil servants, entertainers, lawyers, educators and unionactivists were accused and tried based on questionable evidence.Eventually, most of the accused people were lost their jobs whileothers were jailed but were later released because the evidencebrought against them was not enough to support the cases.5

3.Cuban Missile Crisis

Theterm refers to the period between the fourteenth and twenty-eighthOctober 1962 when the United States was about to break into war withthe Soviet Union. It occurred after the United States learned thatthe Soviet Union had deployed ballistic missiles in Cuba, a locationwhere they could launch direct attacks on the USA’s soil. The USAestablished a blockade that prevented further delivery of missiles toCuba and then initiated peace talks with the Soviet Union. Finally,they agreed that the USSR would not take more missiles in Cuba, andthe already delivered weapons were to be dismantled and transportedback to Russia under the supervision of the United Nations.Similarly, the treaty also stated that the United States would notattack Cuba unless the country provoked them directly.6

4.Watergate

Theterm refers to a scandal that resulted from June 17, 1972, burglaryof the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters. Thebreak-in was a clandestine mission that was organized by thePresident Nixon’s government.7 The case investigators established that the alleged intruders werespies paid by President Nixon’s advisers to steal valuabledocuments from the Democratic Party’s headquarters as well aswiretap their phone so that he could eavesdrop their conversation. Consequently, the wiretapping could have enabled Nixon to win thereelection by being a step ahead of them. Nixon administrationattempted to hide their involvement with the break in, but thelaw-enforcers unearthed proof that showed that Truman’sadministration was full of rot. Consequently, the president opted toquit voluntarily instead of waiting for the Senate to impeach him.8

5.The great society

Theterm refers to domestic policies that President Lyndon Johnsondeveloped between 1964 and 1965. The program was intended toeradicate racial injustices and poverty. The reform was the biggestthe Americans had the “New Deal” policies that were introduced byPresident Roosevelt.9Lyndon had the support of liberals in the Congress, which in turnmade it possible to enact crucial issues from the John F. Kennedy erasuch as the Civil Rights Act that abolished discrimination of racesas well as gender. 10

6.My Lai Massacre

Theterm refers to an event that occurred on March 1968. The U.S militarykilled about 368 to 504 unarmed civilians in My Lai region of theViet Nam.11The targets included infants, women, men and children. The governmentattempted to conceal the killings of the innocent people, but theinformation leaked to the public by 1970. As a result, localresistance against the US involvement in the war increased. The USopened cases against 26 soldiers involved in the mass killings, butonly the platoon commander was convicted to life imprisonment.Nevertheless, the sentence later changed into three and a half yearsunder house arrest.12

7.Security Act

TheAct was a federal legislation developed in 1933 with the objective ofpreventing future market crash such as the one witnessed in 1929. Oneof the goals of the policy was to enhance the transparency ofmonetary statements so that investors can make intelligent decisionswhen choosing investments13.Second, it also aimed to create regulations that would preventinvestors from fraudulent and misrepresentation actions prevalent insecurities market business. Prior to the enactment of the 1933policy, the state laws governed the sales of securities.14The US government passed the new regulations as one of the strategiesto rebuild the confidence of the investors after the crash thesecurities market for years before.15

8.SNCC

Theinitials stand for The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Theorganization was one of the crucial unions that enhanced the AmericanCivil Rights Movement back in the 1960s. It was formed to give youngblack students more voice in the civil rights movement.16The organization focused on lobbying for black power in politics andequality with the white people. For example, it liberated the blacksoutherners from the psychological bondage that held them in mentaland physical peonage. Besides, the organization was also involved inthe preparation of the blacks for voting in the South.17

PART2

  1. George Washington

  1. He formed a mighty army with known military achievements including the American independence

  2. Unlike other presidents he was remote and humble never travelled so much and

  3. The many battles he won were not due to his brilliancy but due to Perseverance.

  1. Abraham Lincoln

  1. He was against slavery

  2. Helped America succeed during the civil war and

  3. Led wit justice and courage

  1. Alexander G. Bell

  1. Developed the first model of a telephone

  2. He improved the phornograph and

  3. He pioneered magnetic recording.

  1. Thomas Edison

  1. Invented the first electric bulb

  2. Formed the first industrial research and development facility in the United States

  3. Invented the first microphone.

  1. Henry Ford

  1. He invented the modern automobile world

  2. Successful business man

  3. He campaigned against racism.

  1. Wright Brother

  1. Invented the bicycles

  2. Invented the glider and

  3. Invented the airplane

  1. Margret Sanger

  1. Campaigned for birth control for women

  2. She is brave and

  3. She transformed political movements of both the 21st and 22nd centuries.

  1. Martin Luther King Junior

  1. Aggressively led the African Americans to demand equality

  2. Accomplished human rights activist

  3. A good public speaker with influence over the public

9.President Theodore Roosevelt

m.He arbitrated the talks to end Russo-Japanese war

n.He negotiated the deal to have the USA supervise reconstruction ofthe Panama Canal after it was acquired from Colombia

p.He terminated the 44 corporations that monopolized the railwaytransport fares to protect the working and middle class citizens fromunscrupulous fare exploitation

10.President Barack Obama

q.The first African-American president in the U.S.A

r.A strong anti-terrorist campaigner

t.Advocates for democracy and equality for all people in the world

TheCommittee Dedicated to Address Domestic and International Terrorismin the United States

Themost pressing issue in the United States presently is increasedglobal terrorism. Presidents George Washington and Abraham Lincolnare valuable in the committee since they can help to advise onstrategies the United States can build a more powerful army to defendits territories and interests. Washington led America in theindependence war while Lincoln led the Civil War battle. On the otherhand, Alexander Bell will steer the communication technologyinnovation that the USA needs to overpower its enemies. For example,he can develop secure communication telephone gadgets for themilitary and spy gadgets. Similarly, Thomas Edison’s skills inindustrial research and development facilities can help to makespecial lighting gadgets for the US military such as night visionlenses. The lenses would in turn enhance the soldiers’ accuracywhen fighting at night. Henry Ford will contribute to protect Americaagainst terrorism through building armored vehicles for the militaryas well as well as major terrorism targets such as presidents.Likewise, the Wright brothers would focus to develop powerfulwarplanes that the USA can use to patrol and guard its bordersagainst foreign aggressors. Furthermore, they can also manufacturedrones that the military use to spy their enemies’ territories.

MargaretSanger and Martin Luther King, Jr are crucial in the committeebecause they are accomplished public speakers and have high influenceover the public. In addition, they are human rights activists, sothey will ensure the committee recommends policies that will notviolate the human rights. Finally, President Theodore Roosevelt andBarack Obama would be assigned the task of setting up arbitrationtalks to end terrorism amicably. President Roosevelt arbitratedwarring states while President Obama has been calling on the Arabcountries to embrace democracy and end terrorism.

Bibliography

Berkin,Carol, Christopher L. Miller, Robert W. Cherny, James L. Gormly,Douglas R. Egerton, and Kelly A. Woestman. MakingAmerica: A History of the United States (6thed).Wadsworth, Australia: Cengage Learning Publishers, 2014.

Long,Cathryn J. CrosswordAmerica: American history 1900 to 2000.Lowell, MA: Lowell House Juvenile. 2000.

Brennan,Kristine. TheStock Market Crash of 1929.Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 2000.

1 Berkin, Carol, Christopher L. Miller, Robert W. Cherny, James L. Gormly, Douglas R. Egerton, and Kelly A. Woestman. Making America: A History of the United States (6th ed). Wadsworth, Australia: Cengage Learning Publishers, 2014.

2 Berkin, Carol, Christopher L. Miller, Robert W. Cherny, James L. Gormly, Douglas R. Egerton, and Kelly A. Woestman. Making America: A History of the United States (6th ed). Wadsworth, Australia: Cengage Learning Publishers, 2014.

3 Berkin, Carol, Christopher L. Miller, Robert W. Cherny, James L. Gormly, Douglas R. Egerton, and Kelly A. Woestman. Making America: A History of the United States (6th ed). Wadsworth, Australia: Cengage Learning Publishers, 2014.

4 Berkin, Carol, Christopher L. Miller, Robert W. Cherny, James L. Gormly, Douglas R. Egerton, and Kelly A. Woestman. Making America: A History of the United States (6th ed). Wadsworth, Australia: Cengage Learning Publishers, 2014.

5 Berkin, Carol, Christopher L. Miller, Robert W. Cherny, James L. Gormly, Douglas R. Egerton, and Kelly A. Woestman. Making America: A History of the United States (6th ed). Wadsworth, Australia: Cengage Learning Publishers, 2014.

6 Berkin, Carol, Christopher L. Miller, Robert W. Cherny, James L. Gormly, Douglas R. Egerton, and Kelly A. Woestman. Making America: A History of the United States (6th ed). Wadsworth, Australia: Cengage Learning Publishers, 2014.

7 Berkin, Carol, Christopher L. Miller, Robert W. Cherny, James L. Gormly, Douglas R. Egerton, and Kelly A. Woestman. Making America: A History of the United States (6th ed). Wadsworth, Australia: Cengage Learning Publishers, 2014.

8 Berkin, Carol, Christopher L. Miller, Robert W. Cherny, James L. Gormly, Douglas R. Egerton, and Kelly A. Woestman. Making America: A History of the United States (6th ed). Wadsworth, Australia: Cengage Learning Publishers, 2014.

9 Long, Cathryn J. Crossword America: American history 1900 to 2000. Lowell, MA: Lowell House Juvenile. 2000.

10 Berkin, Carol, Christopher L. Miller, Robert W. Cherny, James L. Gormly, Douglas R. Egerton, and Kelly A. Woestman. Making America: A History of the United States (6th ed). Wadsworth, Australia: Cengage Learning Publishers, 2014.

11 Long, Cathryn J. Crossword America: American history 1900 to 2000. Lowell, MA: Lowell House Juvenile. 2000.

12 Long, Cathryn J. Crossword America: American history 1900 to 2000. Lowell, MA: Lowell House Juvenile. 2000.

13 Brennan, Kristine. The Stock Market Crash of 1929. Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 2000.

14 Brennan, Kristine. The Stock Market Crash of 1929. Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 2000.

15 Brennan, Kristine. The Stock Market Crash of 1929. Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 2000.

16 Long, Cathryn J. Crossword America: American history 1900 to 2000. Lowell, MA: Lowell House Juvenile. 2000.

17 Long, Cathryn J. Crossword America: American history 1900 to 2000. Lowell, MA: Lowell House Juvenile. 2000.