ART HISTORY 3
Islamic art is mainly made up of calligraphy and geometric patternsand designs. This has been this way since the 7th century.Calligraphy is a unique feature of the Islamic art and calligraphershave used it in various techniques (Victoria and Albert Museum,2015). Most of the calligraphic art was in Arabic language which isthe language in which the Quran was written. Calligraphy in Islamicart is way of presenting text in an artistic form. Calligraphers usethe Arabic script in order to decorate their art. Words in Arabic orletters in Arabic are used as brushstrokes and create an ornament.Kufic style of calligraphy in Islamic art is one of the techniquesused. It is a technique that is named after the Kufal city in Iraq(Victoria and Albert Museum, 2015). The technique of calligraphylooks like that of pen on paper. There was also the technique of inkon parchment before the invention of the papers. Ceramics and woodwere also techniques in calligraphy. Other techniques includetextiles and metal work. Example of calligraphy is the Leaf from theQuran, Egypt, 1400-1500. Museum no. 7217-1869. It is decorated pen onpaper calligraphy.
Geometric designs are used in Islamic art to produce the intricateand beautiful patterns. The geometric designs have developed tocomplex patters in the Islamic art. However, it is paramount to notethat the square and the rectangle were used more in Islamic art thanother geometric designs (Victoria and Albert Museum, 2015). Thegeometric patterns are a representation of the Islamic view of theworld. The Arch in the Alhambrais one of greatest examples of the application of geometric design inIslamic art. The geometric designs in Islamic art are arepresentation of various aspect. For instance, the circle is symbolof unity and diversity.
Victoria and Albert Museum. (2015). Calligraphy in Islamic art.Retrieved from: http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/c/calligraphy-in-islamic-art/