ARTICLE PROJECT 4
Thearticle, Alcohol,Mental Health and Wellbeing,has been authored by Jonathan Chick. The author is a consultantpsychiatrist based at the Royal Edinburgh Hospital. Besides, theauthor is also is also a part-time senior lecturer at EdinburghUniversity teaching psychiatry. The primary aim of the article is topoint out that alcohol affects the mental health of an individual andaffects the memory and functioning of the brain. The article alsoprovides facts and figures available in supporting its claims andoffers advice and how one can get help.
Accordingto Chick, a British survey indicated that individuals that sufferfrom anxiety or depression had the likelihood of being twice heavydrinkers or had problems with drinking this was an indication thatdrinking of alcohol can be associated with anxiety as well asdepression. The author claims that alcohol can also be indicated tobe associated with psychosis, suicide, and self-harm (Chick, n.d).
Theauthor also argues that consumption of alcohol tends to have animpact on one’s memory as well as the working of the brain. Heindicates that, soon after taking alcohol, the brain processesretard. The author provides an example to indicate this retardationof brain processes by pointing out that men’s driving skills can bemeasured after taking three to four units of alcohol. The authorposits that individuals often feel rough after engaging in heavydrinking, feeling that their memory as well as their thinking becomesimpaired. However, the author is not sure whether this constitutes agenuine effect since this may be because alcohol is still in tissuesthe following day after a heavy drinking. In some cases, people thatdo not have alcohol the following day after a heavy drinking areretarded mentally the next day.
Insupporting his claims, the author also indicates that in a 2006survey involving 3,004 patients that were presented at Scottishaccident and emergency unit as a result of self-harm indicated that50% of females and 62% of males said that they had consumed alcoholimmediately prior or while self-harming themselves. Moreover, 19% ofwomen and 27% of men said alcohol was the reason for self-harm. Theauthor also indicates that extreme levels of alcohol consumption forexample, 30 units in a day for several weeks may occasionally resultin psychosis. When heavy drinkers quit drinking suddenly, they maydevelop a condition referred to as delirium tremens. On the otherhand, consuming 8-10 units daily over extended time leads to somemental inefficiency harm can be severe for individuals diagnosedwith alcoholism (Chick, n.d).
Accordingto the article, human brain may be more susceptible to damage at theage of 18 or 19 since it is still in the developmental at that age.In the case of adolescents that regularly engage in taking alcohol,research has found that their parts of the brain that play the roleof planning and emotional control are usually smaller than expected(Chick, n.d).
Further,the author points out that heavy consumption of alcohol can result inwork and family problems that can in turn lead to depression as wellas isolation. A disabling kind of brain damage, according to theauthor, resulting from heavy drinking entails failing of short-termmemory. From the author’s perspective, moderate or lightconsumption of alcohol does not harm emotional balance. However,heavy drinkers that have experienced emotional problems need to avoidalcohol totally since previous patterns frequently come back (Chick,n.d).
Chick,J. (n.d). Alcohol,Mental Health and Wellbeing.FactSheets Mental Health, Drinkaware Trust.