Anemiais a disease of the blood in which the number of healthy red bloodcells in the blood is deficient. The importance of red blood cell tothe body cannot be overemphasized. Transportation of oxygen to thebody cells and tissue from the lungs and subsequently, transportingcarbon (IV) oxide back to the lungs for exhalation. Anemia is,therefore, a sensitive condition that need maximum care less thepatient is likely to die easily. Hemoglobin deficiency in the bloodwould simply mean limited capacity by the lungs to transport blood tobody tissue and cells and also to eliminate the carbon (IV) that isproduced as a by-product in oxidation.
However,anemia can be in different types that will be discussed below indetail. It is first important to note that there are more than fourhundred known types of anemia, but all of them can be classified intothree major groups. The first would be the types of anemia caused bythe loss of blood. Excessive and continuous bleeding can lead to asignificant loss of the red blood cells. In some situations, the lossgoes undetected as in the case of ulcers. Some of the anemiaassociated with this classification include but not limited toconditions caused by gastrointestinal infections, hemorrhoids, andgastritis. Menstruation and childbearing for women are also a majorloss of blood that can lead to this condition (Crowley,2013).
Thesecond classification is as a result of decreased red blood cells ordeformed cells. Sickle cell anemia is the most notable which id ahereditary condition. Iron-deficiency anemia follows which is animportant constituent of hemoglobin vitamin deficiency anemia comesin third in this classification. Vitamin B-12 and Folate are thedeficient elements the conditions caused by the deficiency includeMegaloblastic anemia and Pernicious anemia. Pregnancy also leads tothis condition due to excessive blood loss. Bone marrow and stem cellproblems can prevent production of sufficient red blood cells.Aplastic anemia and thalassemia anemia are some of the anemia typesin this category. Other deficiencies that can lead to anemia in thebody include deficient hormones that produce red blood cells some ofthe notable causes of this destruction include an advanced infectionof the kidney, hypothyroidism and old age. Other chronic infectionslike cancer, diabetes mellitus, lupus and probably rheumaticarthritis is the cause of the destruction of the red blood cells(Crowley& Crowley, 2014).
Finally,there is the classification of anemia that caused the destruction ofthe red blood cells. The cells in some situation may fail towithstand the excessive pressure of the circulatory system henceraptures. The effect is hemolytic anemia. Its main causes includeinherited sickle cell anemia, an enlarged spleen, hypertension,stressors effect, toxins and prosthetic heart valves among others.
Patientswith anemia require progressive care and management of theircondition to avoid a situation. Patient-focused care and self-carecan be used to manage such patients since the condition will only getworse if the doctor`s instructions are not followed. However, somesymptoms may not be detected until it is too late that is why thedoctors and nurses ought to be occasionally included to detect suchsymptom in time if at all it is present. Nevertheless, anemia is acondition that is manageable than other chronic diseases and, hence,patients need not worry but follow the instructions of the doctor andall would be alright (Layon,Gabrielli & Friedman, 2013).
Crowley,L. (2013). Anintroduction to human disease.Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Crowley,L., & Crowley, L. (2014). Essentialsof human disease.Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Layon,A., Gabrielli, A., & Friedman, W. (2013) Textbookof neurointensive care.