CloudComputing In Healthcare
Thehealth industry is one of the leading in technology innovation andadoption. The new approach to diseases has taken a new true markedwith accuracy and efficiency. Governments and medical institutionsuphold the value of human life and the need to protect it. Therefore,they have been leaders in funding research and innovation of newmeans that enhances the services given to the patients. The commonmedical department like record keeping, diagnosis and operation roomsnow operate sophisticated equipment. I gained interest in looking atthis issue by occasionally overhearing successful critical surgeriesin various hospitals with doctors making headlines for havingperformed some of the most delicate surgeries. Upon reading, I foundout that the list of the supportive equipment they use include somesophisticated machines I have never come across (Sultan, 2014).
Iapproached the field from a general perspective of looking attechnology in the health care industry. Of much interest to me isthe use of cloud computing in the field of health care. The varioussources I consulted proved that the health care industry has notutilized technology fully as most of the health institutions stillhave lots of paperwork that delay services. In compression with otherindustries in the world, the industry is not among the first rankingcompared with other fields that always use high-end communicationlike the communications industry (Ahuja et al., 2012).
Ireviewed the literature on the field and to gain insight of thenature of technology used the current dynamics in the market and itsimpact on the healthcare industry. Cloud computing is an innovationthat allows health organization to pay for the goods and servicesthat they need. The shared resources may be dynamically allocated tocreate a highly flexible environment. Health organizations,therefore, upgrade the infrastructure they have as services ratherthan seeing them as expensive installations in the form of capital. Ialso discovered that cloud computing enable the health careorganizations to tap improved computing services at low costs. Withthe increased use of technology, cloud computing acts as thebenchmark or the accelerating factor for the health institutions toadopt other forms of application that are profitable and efficient inthe long-run.
Theinformation I gathered confirmed that health care institutions ashifting towards the use of technology by the use of cloud computing.The environment it provides makes it possible employ other uses oftechnology. The cloud computing has various advantages in the healthcare industry.
Ifound out that the technology instigates health care institutions tocreate mechanisms for the adoption of computing in large storagefacilities that most information technologies do not provide. Cloudcomputing helps the management to spot the various gaps in theirorganizations and institute measures to seal them through theapplication of corrective measures that inclines to the use of newtechnology. As I mentioned, cloud computing enables the organizationto pay for the goods and services that offer maximum benefits.
Italso helps an organization to support the storage of big sets ofdata. Institutions deal with a large number of entries that requireproper recording and efficient retrieval. Electronic health records,therefore, become important in the health recording department. Cloudcomputing identifies the inefficiency of conventional recordingkeeping methods. A lot of data may be difficult to retrieve withoutproper means developed electronically. The records have become veryefficient.
Cloudcomputing also provides an environment for information sharing acrossgeographical locations. Different physicians and healthcareprofessionals can communicate efficiently, and this facilitatestimely actions and planning. Tests that have been performed indifferent parts of the country or geographical regions may be appliedin other situations in the same locality or other locations. It saveson time and resources. There is no need of duplicating testing whoseoutcomes are known. I also found out that the management identifiesthe gaps in research and testing and procedures and scales them up byestablishing upgrading mechanisms (Guo et al., 2012).
Duringmy research, I found out that cloud computing improves the ability toanalyze and track information. It takes place with the propergovernance and administration of information. Information regardingtreatments, costs, and performance become availed, and healthprofessionals can act on it. One imperative thing I noted about theuse of technology in the health care industry is that it requires alot of planning and ethical considerations. Cloud computing is not anexemption in this concept. The management of any health institutionmust put into consideration various factors to ensure that theprocess of adoption and utilization becomes efficient and effective(Lian et al. 2014).
Theinformation I came across identified security of information as oneof the important factors of consideration. The information stored onthe various platforms should be protected from unintended people.There should be proper encryptions for the data such that criticalinformation is not misplaced by passing it to the unnecessary hands.Security an imperative factor I value in information since it may bedetrimental to the planning of the management.
Secondly,the management of health institutions needs to identify the cloudcomputing applications relevant to their departments. Differentdepartment in a health institution requires distinct applicationsdepending on their responsibility. The records department, diagnosisand operations departments apply different technologies to achievetheir mandate. At different times, institutions adopt different cloudcomputing technologies relevant with the gaps they identify. Theclinical applications consist of EHRs, Physician order entry andsoftware for imaging and pharmacy use. The other set consist ofon-clinical applications include revenue cycle management, automaticpatient billing cost accounting, payroll management and claimsmanagement (Currie & Seddon, 2014).
Thetype of application moving to the cloud will dictate the type ofcloud deployment utilized. The level of application is consistentwith the security and privacy involved. Most of the cloud computingwill incline towards private or hybrid cloud because they require ahigh level of security, privacy and availability.
Healthcare professionals must also consider the cloud model service that isconsistent with their business requirements. I researched further andfound out that institutions will either use include Iaas, PaaS andSaaS (Dinh et al., 2013). SaaS is a common model for small-scalephysicians due to its economic value. It eliminates the need to havea full-time employee and reduces the cost spent on hardware,operating system and software. PaaS is efficient for large healthinstitutions since they have resources to develop customized cloudsolutions. IaaS is cost effective and flexible. It also ensures thesecurity of the data stored or shared between different professionals(Grindle, 2013).
Ialso had an interest in understanding the various challenges thathealth managements face when implementing cloud computing in theirinstitutions. The challenges arise from the need to balance betweenthe efficient provision of services to patients as well as minimizingthe cost of service delivery. Privacy and security of the data is animportant challenge. The data may contain personal and confidentialdata that should not be available to other parties. The globalconcerns concerning data security impacts on the choice of theapplications adopted different institutions (Wu, 2012).
Theother challenge is that sometimes the providers of cloud computingmay break down and have disruption. The applications should be ofhigh performance and should be reliable for the technology to beeffective. Maintaining the dynamic environments becomes a challengeto the health institutions due to occasional breakdowns. There alsoemerges the need to retain the existing professional so that they canbe in a position to dress the dynamic problems facing theapplications (Northover et al., 2014).
Finally,some health care institutions have a challenge of data transitionfrom once cloud computing application to another. The serviceprovider may challenge the complexity of the application, and thismay result in some organizations finding it difficult to retrievetheir data. I also gained insight that some service providers suspendtheir services, and this may be detrimental to urgent informationrequired to serve patients in emergency situations (Kuo, 2011).
Inconclusion, I have come to appreciate the role of cloud computing inthe health care industry. The technology assists the management inidentifying gaps in their institutions. It is a major driving factorthat enables the industry to follow suit of the other industries likemanufacturing and communication. The developers should help theadopting institutions to come up with mechanisms that correct thevarious challenges facing the technology.
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Grindle,M. (2013). Accenture–A new era for the health care industry–Cloudcomputing changes the game. pg 18.
Guo,Y., Kuo, M. H., & Sahama, T. (2012, December). Cloud computingfor healthcare research information sharing. In CloudComputing Technology and Science (CloudCom), 2012 IEEE 4thInternational Conference on(pp. 889-894). IEEE.
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Northover,J., McVeigh, B., & Krishnagiri, S. (2014). Healthcare in thecloud: the opportunity and the challenge. MLOMed. Lab. Obs,46,14-16.
Sultan,N. (2014). Making use of cloud computing for healthcare provision:Opportunities and challenges. InternationalJournal of Information Management,34(2),177-184.
Wu,R. (2012). Securesharing of electronic medical records in cloud computing.Arizona State University.