Community Based Health Program Substance Abuse

COMMUNITY BASED HEALTH PROGRAM: SUBSTANCE ABUSE 7

CommunityBased Health Program: Substance Abuse

CommunityBased Health Program: Substance Abuse

Theprevalence of substance abuse in the United States is a cause forconcern for the country today. The rate of drug abuse in the UnitedStates has marginally reduced since 2002, with low levels of 17.4% inthe year 2012 (Healthy People, 2015). However, people are still beingaffected by substance abuse, which risks the achievement of a healthysociety. The situation is more alarming for the young people in theUnited States, as they are the more vulnerable and most affected bythe substance abuse problem (Valentine&ampDejong,2014).To prevent this in the American society and reduce the levels ofsubstance abuse, a strong community health educational program shouldbe started. This proposal will describe a community health programthat seeks to prevent substance abuse by rehabilitating and educatingpeople in the community.Thiscommunity health program seeks to create an effective awareness aboutsubstance abuse by educating people about the causes, process andconsequences of the problem. The program further seeks to guidepeople on the solution to the substance abuse problem for those whoare affected or have victims with them.Theprogram will serve the entire population of the United States,especially the young people. However, one part of the program willspecifically serve the people who are affected by substance abuse.This will include the victims of substance abuse like drug addicts,alcoholics and those affected by health disorders related to theaddiction. The other part will serve the whole society by talking topeople about the dangers of substance abuse. At the same time, thispart will specifically seek to target the young people who are morelikely to be tempted or lured to take substances of abuse. Therefore,the program will target high schools, colleges and universities,where the population of younger people is high and at risk ofsubstance abuse.Theprogram will focus on three main objectives of community health andawareness purpose. The first objective is to create awareness aboutthe problem of drug abuse and the factors that lead to the problem.The focus of this objective is to ensure that people learn more aboutsubstances of abuse that are prevalent in the society and the reasonswhy people are drawn to them. By teaching people about these causes,they will understand the root of substance abuse more the societywill stand a better position to prevent the problem (SAMHSA,2015).Thesecond objective is to identify and assist the people who areaffected by substance abuse problems in the society. This will beaccomplished through the use of the community health educationalforums that will be established by the program in the fulfillment ofthe first objective. Through the platforms of educating people, theprogram will seek to gather data on the people who are affected bydrug abuse, and plans on how to assist (Stoil&amp Hill,2013).The third main objective is to use the people who recover from theproblem of substance abuse as the community educators of the problem.This will happen if the second objective of assisting the victims ofsubstance abuse will be effective to lead them to recovery. The rationale of the ProgramThe rationale for the programis the need for awareness and community education about substanceabuse in the prevention and reduction of the problem. The currentproblem is as a result of the lack of education and awareness aboutproblem of substance abuse in the society. According to HealthyPeople (2015), around 95% of the people using substances of abuse arenot aware about their problem. This gives a rationale for thecommunity health problem and gives clear justification of the firstobjective of the community health program.Therationale for the second objective is that many people with substanceabuse problem are willing and seeking to get out of the problem, butsometimes don not get it. This rationale emanates from the statisticsfrom the Health People 2020 that out of the people who recognize theyhave a substance abuse problem, most do not succeed in seekingtreatment. According to Healthy People (2015), 273,000 of people withsubstance abuse problems have made unsuccessful attempts to gettreatment and quit. This program seeks to bridge on this gap byproviding community-based platforms that will assist these people torecover and change their lives. This highlights the need forincreasing the access to the treatment services for the people withsubstance abuse and related disorders.Therationale for the third objective is the need for effective educatorswho will impact on the society, not from the professional side butalso from the experience side. Turning the recovered victims ofsubstance abuse to peer educators in the communities will give peoplea different approach to education about the problem. According toStoil and Hill(2013), educatingpeople through personal experiences is more effective on thecommunity level compared to the formal methods of creating awareness.The reformed peer educators will inspire the current victims to seektreatment and change, while helping the community learn from theirown mistakes. Establishment of the ProgramThecommunity health program on substance abuse will be established withthe support of the already existing programs and initiatives.Therefore, it will not be a separate program but a complementaryinitiative to avoid conflict of objectives or interests by theimplementers. The program will be managed centrally by the federalauthorities that monitor substance abuse in the society. The federalauthorities will form a joint committee that will steer the programin the states and coordinate their activities. At the state level,the committee will include people working with state drug preventionauthorities and state health departments. These will coordinate andimplement the program and objectives in the states.Thestate program coordinators and implementers will collect data aboutthe substance abuse problem and feed the federal coordinators. At thesame time, the state implementers will gather responses from peopleand coordinate with the federal authorities for assistance andfurther streamlining of the program. From the federal point of view,the collection of data will help in the understanding the personnelrequired in each of the states. The same data will help in theidentification of financial needs and the equitable distribution ofresources and equipment for the program in every state. This way, thefederal coordinators will optimize the progress of the program to theobjectives and monitor its effectiveness. Budget and BudgetaryRestraintsThe program will be funded bythe federal agencies and authorities that fight substance abuse. Inaddition, the program will be funded by the federal and statedepartments of health, as well as organizations that seek to prevent,reduce or eliminate drug abuse in the society. However, in the caseof budgetary restraints, there will be a problem of limited researchabout substance abuse in the communities that will be engaged.Therefore, the collection of data will be limited in the extent andcomprehensiveness of the details included. There will be low data torely on by the coordinators, which will affect the decision makingprocesses.Therestraints of the budget will also limit the number of personneldeployed in the program in the states, and even at the coordinationlevel at the federal committee. This is because the coordinators willbe forced to reduce the number of employees employed for the programbecause of the inadequate finances. Budget restraints will also leadto limited remuneration for the employees, which may reduce theirlevel of motivation. In addition, budget restraints will limit thenumber of equipment that will be used, as well as the treatmentfacilities and drugs used to treat those adversely affected bysubstance abuse (Valentine&ampDejong,2014).As a result, limited finance will reduce the number of victims thatwill be assisted, and subsequently those who will be engaged ineducating others as peer community educators. ConclusionToreduce, eliminate and control the substance abuse in the society, itis important to take preventive measures and implement programs thatwill tackle the problem. The substance abuse eradication program is acommunity based health program that seeks to reduce, prevent andeliminate substance abuse in the society through treatment andeducation. The program seeks to assist victims of substance abuserecover from the program and then engage them in consistent andeffective community health education. This will reduce the use ofsubstances of abuse, rehabilitate the victims and prevent futurevictims through community based education programs. ReferencesHealthyPeople 2020, SubstanceAbuse,RetrievedFrom,&lthttp://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/substance-abuse&gtAugust 10, 2015

Stoil,M., &amp Hill,G. (2013). PreventingSubstance Abuse: Interventions that Work.Berlin: Springer Science &amp Business Media

SubstanceAbuse and Mental Health Services Administration(SAMHSA),2015,RetrievedFrom, &lthttp://www.samhsa.gov&gt August 10, 2015

Valentine,J., &amp Dejong,J. (2014). SubstanceAbuse Prevention in Multicultural Communities.London: Routledge