Criticalincident stress management is a tool that tries to help traumaticvictims deal with traumatic experiences. Stress or trauma is a commonexperience that may affect individuals, communities, andorganization. Such traumatic experience may be due to criticalincidents like accidents or crisis and at time individual persons,organizations, and communities may find it difficult to manage suchtraumatic experience. Hence, the development of CIS management tooltries to aid those affected directly or indirectly in managing suchtraumatic experiences[ CITATION Vol07 l 1033 ].CISM as a tool is a process that tries to moderate the effect oftraumatic experience, assist normal recovery progression for thevictims of traumatic experience, andreinstate the victims to adaptive function and identifyingindividuals who might benefit with the tool from communities andorganization. The essay paper uses the aging and mental health linkto describe the cognitive, physical, behavioral, and emotionalreactions to stress. The paper further names professionals, which areprone to stress and would find the tool useful. In addition, thepaper describes the purpose of the tool and the expected outcome forutilizing the tool. Finally, the paper gives the perception of thetool in managing stress and dealing with violence in workplace.

Theaging and mental health link studies the factors that may contributeto crisis for persons with dementia and those who attend to themalongside the interventions to curb those crises. The link uses aqualitative study in trying to compare the take of people withdementia, the healthcare professionals, and the caregivers in tryingto mitigate stress. The three groups in the link have their ownstress and in one way or the other need attention. For instant, thelink describes that people with dementia were stressed with hazardsand risks at their homes. Family caregivers faced a challenge of carestress alongside the stress of dealing with their mental health. Themedical profession on the other hand was stressed with how to deliverthe services.

Reactionsto stress

Reactionsto stress are of different types and vary with individuals. Reactionto stress can be physical, emotional, cognitive, or behavioral.Physical reaction to stress can be in a form of headaches, sleepingdisturbances, nightmares, change of appetite, physical problems amongothers. Different from physical reactions, cognitive reactions tostress affects the normal functioning of the brain of the stressvictims. Cognitive reactions comprise of amnesia, disturbed thinking,deprived abstract thinking, lack of attention, memory disturbance,difficult with decision making among others. Additionally, emotionalreactions to stress include the following: anxiety, aggravation,anger, emotional numbing, fear, guilt irritability among other.Finally, the behavioral reactions comprise the change incommunication, change in sexual behavior, withdrawal, andsuspiciousness.

Professionalat high risk

Nearlyall professionals have stress related risks experiences. However, thedegree of risk varies with professional. There are those professionalat are at high risk while other professionals are at low or at norisk at all to stress. There is no clear way to measure the mostaffected profession as previous studies give different professionalsas the most affected with stress and every one of those studies isright according to their studies[ CITATION Vol07 l 1033 ].Usingthe link provided, the current paper indicates that the most affectedprofession is the family caregivers of the people with dementia. Manya time people who attend to dementia people end up with double stresson how to deal with their clients as well as their own mental health.The second professional that is in danger is the health careprofessional. Healthcare professionals encounter with patients of alltypes of stress in the larger part of their lifetime. Sometimes asthey try to assist their patients to deal with traumatic experiences,they end up stressing themselves as well especially if their patientsare not improving. The situation among other situations like dealingwith patients with complicated incidents leaves the medicalprofessional in traumatic conditions. Another professional not in thelink, which seems prone to stress is any professional that engage isdangerous dealings. To mention, professional people who deal withexplosive things like those who work in mining industry. Those peopleuse explosives to extract quarries and many a time they endangertheir lives. Such profession is at risk of stress because the largerpart of their live they fear for their lives and the lives of theirdependants.

Thepurpose of CISM tool

Themajor purpose of CIS management tool is to aid trauma or stressvictims manage the stress. From the studies conducted, currentlythere are many traumatic experiences in the society right from thecommunity to workplace. Studies further indicate that, not alldirectly affected victims or indirectly affected victims can managestress by themselves[ CITATION Mit06 l 1033 ].Hence, the development of critical incident stress management helpsin extenuating the blow of traumatic experience to ease the impact ofstress on the victims. The tool further helps to reinstate the normalrecovery progression for the victims of traumatic experience. Toachieve the purpose of the tool, the tool procedurally conducts itsprocess of identifying the impact o stress in individuals,communities and the organization. The tool further identifies thevictims and tries to engage them in the recovery process.

Expectationof the tool

Asthe norms, the expectation of any development of any tool is tomitigate the problem at hand. To join hands the expectation ofcritical incident stress to aid mitigates traumatic experience forthe victims affected both directly and indirectly. For instance,organizations, communities, and individuals affected by stress expectmuch from the tool in terms of help to deal with those traumaticexperiences. However, previous studies conducted depict differentresults for the tool. There are those studies, which show that thetool has a positive impact in dealing with traumatic experiences.Alternatively, there are those studies that indicate the tool has noimpact in mitigating stress. Finally, there are those studies thatindicate that the tool has neutral impact to the problem. All theoutcomes are among the expectations as the tool is under experiment.However, to side with the expectation of positive impact, a problemshared is half way solved compared to the one that has not beenshared. From the features of the tool, the tool tries to engage thevictims in participation and brings victims of same experiencetogether. The action itself makes the victims realize that they arenot the only ones with such experiences. Sharing of ideas on how todeal with the problem seems helpful in dealing with traumaticexperiences. For instance, from the link, victims, gives ideas onwhat they think will be helpful in dealing with their stress. Thentalking to a specialist or someone with more experience makes thevictims feel more satisfied in terms of dealing with the stress.Hence, from studies, there are mixed expectations of the tool bydifferent people. However, if the tool is utilized, the expectationis a positive impact towards stress management. I believe the tool isuseful in diminishing stress and violence at workplace. This isbecause of the procedural way of the tool. The tool tries to handlethe problem procedurally and it tends to engage the victims, bringtraumatic victims of same kind together that motivates the victims asthey find out that they are not the only ones suffering.


Traumaticincidents are rampant in the recent years and sometime it isdifficult to deal with those situations as individuals. The use ofCIS management tool is an essential way of managing traumaticexperiences. Despite the mixed expectations of the tool, if the toolis utilized, it will yield positive impact in attempt to addresstraumatic incidents.


Volkman,V. R. (2007).&nbspTraumaticincident reduction and critical incident stress management: Asynergistic approach.Ann Arbor, Mich: Loving Healing Press

Leonhardt,J., &amp Vogt, J. (2006).&nbspCriticalincident stress management in aviation.Aldershot, Hampshire, England: Ashgate.

Mitchell,J. T. (2006).&nbspCriticalincident stress management (CISM): Group crisis intervention.Ellicot City, MD: International Critical Incident Stress Foundation.