Cultural Issues in South Asia and the MiddleEast


CulturalIssues in South Asia and the MiddleEast

CasteSystem in United Arab Emirates and Iran

Pakistana Muslim majority state and India a predominately Hindu States aretwo countries that are neighbors but remain at longer heads since thecolonial masters handed over power. There are many culturalsimilarities between India and Pakistan abut none has remained atrademark for the two state than the Caste (McLeod, 2008). The castesystem in these two countries has a very long history. There is ageneral belief that an individual who is ‘superior by birth maybecome inferior through association, but one is low by birth cannever become superior by high association’. The caste system isbased on birth McLeod, 2008).

Contraryto popular belief projected by elite groups in these two nations, thecaste system has been the main way of perpetuation systemicdiscrimination. Individual of the lower caste are subjugated whilethe higher castes are untouchables. The poor have separate cups andplates in all the masters cafeterias. In both countries majority ofthose in lower caste are Christians although some are Muslims andHindus (McLeod, 2008). To avoid this discrimination and subjugationthe low-caste people shift to urban areas where they can change theircaste and improve their prospects of seeking employment and improvingtheir lives.

Veil(Hijab): Women Rights in the Middle East

Itis true that women do not have equal rights as men in United ArabEmirates and Iran, but more importantly women enjoy more rights inUAE than in Iran (Keddie, 2007). One of the most important milestonesto according women space and freedom is the permission to go withouta veil (hijab). Many individuals in the western world have leveledcriticism on governments in the Middle East for failure to accordwomen right to wear whatever they want. The Muslim teaching restrictsthe dress code for women, and many states with sharia laws have notfollowed these principles to the letter (Keddie, 2007). The fact thatUAE is making massive steps to accord women fundamental rights a=suchas property ownership and freedom to dressing, will go a long waytowards illustrating to other countries that women are importantmembers of the society that deserve respect.

Womenin Iran and UAE make an immense contribution to their society.Evidently, they deserve respect and credit from men who rule Iran andAUE.A lot of reforms to ensure state policies and practices thatpromote equal treatment needs to be made to accord them theopportunity for progress.


McLeod,D. (2008). Indiaand Pakistan: Friends, rivals or enemies?.Aldershot, Hampshire, England: Ashgate,+rivals+or+enemies?.&amphl=en&ampsa=X&ampved=0CB8QuwUwAGoVChMIxe7Pp5COxwIVyFoUCh1aXgQ6#v=onepage&ampq=India%20and%20Pakistan%3A%20Friends%2C%20rivals%20or%20enemies%3F.&ampf=false

Keddie,N. R. (2007). Womenin the Middle East: Past and present.Princeton: Princeton University Press.