Question1: Personalitiesand policies of Hitler and Stalin
Hitlerand Stalin were both dictators and mass murderers, who caused deathsof millions of people (Snyder,2011).There are various personalities in their personalities since both didwere totalitarianism dictators who either arrested or killed anyopponent to position themselves within people, political party andthe nation at large. However, while Hitler embraced racism beliefs,Stalin was a Communist. Both implemented economic policies toindustrialize their nations. Hitler embraced market economy whileStalin relied on command economy. Despite having different ideas, astrong economy was important to both leaders. They both had workcamps, in which Hitler provided full employment in a way to prepareGermany for war. On the other hand, Stalin built factories in whichpeasants were used as slaves. Being a national socialist, Hitlermainly implemented socialistic policies while Stalin embracedcommunist policies. Stalin implemented policies in which all means ofproduction were owned by the government in which peasants were forcedto work in factories owned by the government (Snyder,2011).On the other hand, Hitler embraced communist policies in whichlarge-scale factories were a collective effort and hence the returnsfrom these industries benefited the society (the Germans).
AfterHitler became Chancellor in January 1933, he changed his democraticposition into a dictatorial power. He took advantage of the Reichstagfire to convince Reichstag to sign the Enabling Act into law (Snyder,2011).This Act gave him the power to formulate his own laws, prohibited allTrade Unions and opposition parties. Later, using force and hisposition, he removed opposition within the Nazi party. After thedeath of Hindenburg, Hitler declared himself the Fuhrer. Takingadvantage of the Germany’s bad economic situation and unemployment,Hitler became a dictator by promising a new heaven and earth toGerman people.
Question2: World War II and the Holocaust
Hitlerand the Nazi party mainly used propaganda to gain support fromGermans. To rise into his position, Hitler and his party tookadvantage of the poor economic status of Germany and madeunachievable promises such as the transformation of the nation’seconomy and creation of employment to all unemployed Germans(Dawidowicz,2010). The Nazi party also painted the Jewish people as a majorthreat to Germans to persuade Germans support Hitler’s hatred andpersecution of the Jews. Hitler had promised the Germans to driveaway the Jews from Germany land once in power. However, after gettinginto power, the Nazi party could not deliver all the promises theyhad made to Germans. However, Hitler was in a position to exercisehis hatred against the Jews.
TheJews were persecuted mainly because Hitler and the Nazis were totalracist (Dawidowicz,2010). Hitler and the Nazis viewed Germans as a superior race toothers such as the Jews, Gypsies and the black people. Hitlerconsidered the Jews as a danger to the purity and strength of theGerman nation. Since the Nazis failed to fulfil their promises, theyeliminated the Jews to prove to Germans that they were in factfulfilling one of the promises they had made. By the year 1945, theNazis implemented their final solution, the implementation of thepolicy that led to the death of millions of European Jews. Apart fromthe Jews, other victims of Hitler’s extreme racism were Gypsies,mentally and physically disabled German patients, who wereexterminated through Euthanasia program.
Dawidowicz,L. S. (2010).TheWar Against the Jews, 1933-1945.New York: Open Road Media.
SnyderT. (2011). Hitlervs. Stalin: Who Was Worse?Retrieved 21 July, 2015 fromhttp://www.nybooks.com/blogs/nyrblog/2011/jan/27/hitler-vs-stalin-who-was-worse/