Disastermanagement has become one of the major priorities for manygovernments, especially, with the increased occurrences of naturaland manmade disasters. A complete disaster management plan includesthe phases of prevention, protection, mitigation, response andrecovery (FEMA, 2015, p.3). The recovery stage proves to be the mostimpactive in the community, but many stakeholders do not invest init. Recovery is reinstating a community back to its initial or even ahigher position than its previous level. The recovery process is,therefore, a complicated procedure that requires adequate planningand resources.
Theother phases of disaster management are imperative, but they wouldaffect the community in a currently vulnerable position since they donot empower them. Recovery increases the victims’ capacity to takeup their lives again by providing them with resources and proceduresfor reinstatement (FEMA, 2015, p. 7). It involves bringing all thestakeholders together o achieve a comprehensive recovery. Thestakeholders include the government, civil societies and thecommunity members. Comprehensive recovery involves reinstating allthe aspects of the community. That is the social and economic andleadership well-being. Since it is a complicated and expensiveprocess, one stakeholder may not address all the needs. It brings thegovernment and the civil organizations to comprise amulti-disciplinary team to enable a multi-edged approach (FEMA (2013,p.9).
Therecovery process is not an autonomous phase. It depends on theappropriateness of the preliminary stages of prevention andprotection because they determine the capacity of the community tocope and the severity of the disaster (FEMA, 2015, p. 4).It outlinesthe roles of the various participants and creates a timeline for theintended activities and allocation of resources. Recovery aims atachieving community empowerment and developing leadership capacityfor the respective stakeholder to strengthen the community’sresistance to disasters (FEMA, 2015, p. 5).
Inconclusion, recovery cannot be successful without the activeparticipation of the population affected by a disaster. The goal isbuilding their resilience and capacity to cope in case of futurecatastrophes.
FederalEmergency Management Agency (FEMA). (May 11, 2015). RefreshWorking Draft—National Recovery Framework National Engagement.Washington, D C.: Federal Emergency Management Agency.http://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1820-25045-5325/508_ndrf.pdf
FEMA(2013).RobertT. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law93-288) as amended.Retrieved fromhttp://www.fema.gov/robert-t-stafford-disaster-relief-and-emergency-assistance-act-public-law-93-288-amended