Early Africa and Egypt African Geography and Climates

Early Africa and Egypt AfricanGeography and Climates

Early Africa and Egypt AfricanGeography and Climates

Africais the second largest continent in the world after Asia. Itshistorical characteristics are varied ranging from a variety ofclimates and topographies. They have since produced various levels ofcivilization. Africa has again demonstrated racial categorization tohave had little meaning over their struggles in bettering theirlives, while creating distinctive civilizations. The naturalenvironment occupied by people and routes of trade and trade overtheir locations have since proved to be major decisive factors duringtheir history, rather than the race.

Africaas a continent rises above surrounding waters in what is described asan inverted saucer, in which its coastal lowlands pave way fordeserts towards the northern parts and inland plateaus, highlands,and mountains towards the South. When the rivers towards Easterninterior emanates from the high grasslands, rapids and waterfallsblock transport and human travel. In Africa, towards the North, thedesert is unsuitable for concentrated number of people due tosedentary life. The coastal lands towards the India Ocean and on theeastern side of the continent have excellent harbors that serves assettlement and trade for the better part of the last two years.

Thefive zones across the continent are as follows: The Mediterranean,deserts (Kalahari and Namib), the rain forest, the savanna, and theSahel. For most of the continent’s history, the Mediterraneantowards the coast has since been linked to the Middle East andEurope. The nomadic pastoralism in the Sahara desert is among themajor possible lifestyle during the historical times. The Sahelsteppe land only supported the pastoral economy. Beyond the strip,coastal region only has equatorial rain forests and the eastern andwestern plateaus have favorable soil for precipitation.

Aboutthe continent’s history on language, the science of linguistics hastechniques that facilitate formulation of past societies. Taking EastAfrica for example, Swahili has a language is spoken in thesub-equatorial Africa. Much of its grammatical structure is relatedclosely with the Bantu language of Zulu, Luganda, and Shona.Moreover, since the Swahili is spoken majorly along the shore ofIndian Ocean, most of its vocabulary is borrowed from other Africanlanguages.

Inthe case of Egypt, Pharaoh’s will was law. Under Pharaoh, group ofofficials were government through him. He was mandated to provideefficient administration and divine aspects for better welfare of theEgyptians. He was the result of happy situations in Egypt throughfavorable climate and geographical landscape. In Egypt, there were 31dynasties that fall victim to Persian invaders in the 525 B.C.E. Allhistorical occurrences B.C resulted in diverse cultural achievementsin Egypt. Pharaoh allowed skilled individuals to erect stupendousmonuments across Egypt, including the famous Pyramids.

InEgypt, the rivalry between reinforcement of stone was only rivalledbetween the Western civilization of the classical Romans and Greeks.The artists that never had an idea on the principles of the wheel andonly used primitive tools and what was considered to be clumsyphysics and math created majority of the Egyptian art and writing.When Pharaoh died, there was ka (kah), which referred to as the lifesentence that returned to life. The Egyptians in regard to this neverbelieved in reincarnation, and the Mesopotamian gods were angry.Egyptians on the other hand, believed in order and stability, whichthey attributed to cosmos.

Whenthe Egyptian government fell, but having influenced religion andculture early in their history, they also valued gold, spices, ivory,ebony, and iron. The rulers of Egypt at the time maintained over 2thousand years of success, prosperity, and isolation. The collapse ofthe empire aside, success allowed reigning groups to assume theirsuperiority, but also clinch tightly to their tradition.