Factors that Influence Disease Colon Cancer

Factorsthat Influence Disease: Colon Cancer

Factorsthat Influence Disease: Colon Cancer

Asan advanced practice nurse, one must understand how organs in thebody functions at the cellular level for effective treatment andeducation of patients. These nurses have the ability to diagnosepatients after carrying out thorough assessment of their health,which includes their history and physical conditions. For instance,when a patient complains of abdominal cramps and experiencesconstipation, an advanced nurse should be in a position to thoroughlyexamine these symptoms, the kind of pain, and condition radiographyto be able to offer treatment.

Colonfunction:As part of the intestine, colon forms the last section of thedigestive system. Colon is mandated to process waste products andabsorb fluids from the body, while it prepares for final eliminationthrough the anus. Colon cancer often develops precancerous cellsclumps (polyps) on the surface of the colon from inside. Withadvancement in age is the issue of certain, mutation of cells, whichrepresent a complex colon cancer disorder (Tan, 2013). Associatedalterations in regard to pathophysiology of the disorder result inthe progression of premalignant lesions, which according to Adrouny(2002), often occur in the left abdomen of an individual. Changes incell functions within the patient’s body transforms normal cellsequence, both intra- and extra- to adenomatous polyps that causesmalignancy in cells, and eventual result in colon cancer.

ClinicalScenario: MurphyDelores, a 64-year-old white female until recently, was in goodhealth, when she began to experience a loss of appetite,constipation, abdominal cramps in the left quadrant of her abdomen,and bloody stool (Bellizzi &amp Gosney, 2012). After physician’sexamination of her lower abdomen, she was diagnosed to have had coloncancer. Delores’s disorder is associated with one of the factorsage.

Causes:Accordingto In Geboes (2014), over 90% of new cases of colon cancer occur inindividuals over the age of 50 or older. Younger people can developcolon cancer but chances of developing it increases markedly as onegrows older, especially after the age of 50 years. As one reaches anadvanced age, disorders such as familial adenomatous polyposis andthe lynch syndrome, which are uncommon in younger individuals,increases. Increase in these disorders result in creating new coloncancer. Age also impacts on potential associated alteration throughanother factor mutational alteration (Miller, 2013). Hayat (2012)observed that mutational alteration is as a result of aging oncogenemutations, which suppresses altered adjacent tissues and cellsassociated with colon cancer.

RiskFactors and Prevention: Symptomsof colon cancer as stated above is sampled in areas that aresuspiciously thought to have a tumor development (McPhee et al.,2003). Symptoms for example, abdominal cramps are as a result ofimaging tests done on the patient. Age is a risk factor, whichincreases chances of one developing colon cancer as one gets older.Prevention of colon cancer includes proper diet and avoiding certainfoods that increases its chances. Continuous screening is alsoimportant to ensure it is identified from the onset.

References

Bellizzi,K., &amp Gosney, M. (2012). Cancerand aging handbook: Research and practice.(Laureate custom ed., pp. 79-112) Hoboken, N.J: Wiley-Blackwell.

Hayat,M. A. (2012). Stemcells and cancer stem cells (Vol. 8,3rded., pp. 23-78) Dordrecht: Springer.

InGeboes, K. (2014). Colitis:A practical approach to colon biopsy interpretation.(Springer ed. Vol. 3, 6thed., pp. 78-102) New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Medical.

Miller,A. B. (2013). Epidemiologicstudies in cancer prevention and screening.(5th ed., pp. 135-164) New York, NY: Springer.

Tan,K.-Y. (2013). Colorectalcancer in the elderly.(Laureate custom ed., pp. 24-56) Berlin: Springer.