HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY

HEALTHPSYCHOLOGY

Courseinstructor

Healthpsychology is the study of the way psychological, biological andsocial factors within individuals affect influence and shape thedevelopment of illness and other health factors. It is simply thestudy of the behavior of patients and how the same have repercussionson the healing process of the individual. A perfect example is astudy of how strain or relaxation during sickness affects the processof healing and whether such behavior is recommendable for a patient.How does society behavior toward patient help shape the healingprocess during that period? How can the public be influenced toobserve good health behaviors? Smoking is known to be a causativeagent of cancer, and the same is available in the public domain.People still smoke and the role of human health psychology in such acase is to understand the human in order to shape their behavior,understand their perception toward smoking, and probably develop astrategy that will help in stopping people from this addictive habit.In general, human psychology is a sophisticated study that tries tounderstand the psychological factors influencing health issues so asto come up with the relevant mechanism of overcoming illnesseffectively.

Hypothesis

Individual’sperception of the disease influence the process of recovery for apatient. Furthermore, the society, in general, plays a leading rolein deciding the process of healing for patients of different healthcomplications. Many people are on record to have developed seriouscomplications due to their behavior toward a healing process.Participation, willingness and seriousness towards following healthrequirements, medication, and the doctors instruction are some of thefactors that health psychologist tend to study to understand theclearly. The other leading role of the study is to understand therole of the biological and social factors. Health psychology greatlyrevolves around the two variables and the personal factor is just asubset. Personal issues that are affected by health psychologydepends on the later. It is, therefore, important to study thebroader aspect of the topic to clearly understand the main agenda.The notion is that behavior of individuals affects the healingprocess and administration of health care in the society. Healthpsychologists spend significant time in trying to elaborate the issuealthough it continues to be a topic of contention. Nevertheless,whatever the stand taken by different parties, professional, bodies,culture, society or government, it is all part of health psychologyand need to be considered in order to understand the influence ofbehavior on the general healthcare industry. Views from all theseconflicting ideas should be absorbed because they provide the basisfor making more and more hypothesis about the topic of the influenceof behavior in the healing process and the healthcare administration.

In-DepthAnalysis of the Situation

Sincewe have a clear comprehension of the concept of health psychology andthe topic of behavioral influence, it is now possible to analyze thetopic with that understanding. Biological, psychological and social(cultural) factor potentially influence the recovery process for apatient. The general understanding of the behavior can practicallydetermine healing of that particular patient. The effect can beeither positive or negative. Positive behavioral effects are thosethat in one way or the other, helps a patient to recover quickly andwith a good spirit. On the other hand, negative behavioral effectsare those that could derail, discourage and inhibit fast recoveryfrom a disease. Conventionally, people would tend to look at thenegative factor and avoid them so as to avoid halting the healingprocess. That is why people only associate health psychology tonegative behavioral influence that affect the healthcare delivery.However, in addition to avoiding the negative factor, positivefactors are equally important and in some circumstances considered tobe important than the negative behaviors. This is because avoidingthe negative behavioral aspect only maintains the status quo whilethe positive effect will expedite the healing process. All in all,the negative behaviors are detrimental to the healing process aswould be discussed in the subsequent sections of the paper. Theimportance of this issue could not be overemphasized in the overalldevelopment of the healthcare and disease management (Adler &ampMatthews, 2004).

Positiveand Negative Behaviors Affecting Healing

Havinga look at some of these specific factors using examples would help inunderstanding the topic under consideration. Positive factors wouldbe the first category. The majority of diseases are not calleddiseases per se although they are categorized so. An example of theseincludes the cardiovascular diseases including High Blood Pressureand Thrombosis. Once a patient has been diagnosed with thiscondition, they are expected to persist for as long as the patientlives. The complication occurs depending on the disease managementthat needs to follow a strict health prescription. Cardiovascularpatients are required to follow a specified diet and exercise level.Individual’s reception of these instructions differs and somecompletely ignores this heed. Failure to follow the prescribedinstruction leads to adverse health complications to these patients.However, positive characters that care about their health strictlyadhere to the doctor`s instructions. The probability of acomplication of the condition of these patients is minimal, and thosethat occur are inevitable. Acting in cognition of the importance ofany instruction and appreciating its importance is important.Diabetic and tuberculosis patients also have a strict healing processculminated by much instruction that, apparently, have to be observedto hasten the process of healing or managing the condition (Brocki &ampWearden, 2006).

Thesociety also can positively influence healthcare delivery and healingprocess. This is so for those diseases that are considered taboo orfeared in the society. Although no disease is warmly welcome, thereception of sexually transmitted infections in the society isdifferent in the society. HIV, gonorrhea, syphilis and genital herpesare the leading in these categories. Other diseases in this categorywould probably feature cholera and Ebola. Of those, HIV/AIDS does nothave a known cure up to date and as such people cow from contractingthe diseases. Contact between body fluids with the patient cans alsocontracts the disease. As such, people tend to avoid patients whohave sexually transmitted diseases. However, this is not good forthem, and it only serve to worsen their situation. The problemassociated with stigma in HIV/AIDS is more detrimental to the patientmore than the disease itself. Show extreme care and support to thiskind of patient. Love and affection positively shape the charactersand by extension behavior of the patients. In effect, they follow thehealing instruction with care and discipline to control theirconditions. They learn to take the medicine and Anti Retro Therapydrugs without delay and as prescribed openly and proudly. Lovingthese patients gives them a sense of personality and feels they arehumans. They forget the intensity of their condition and concentrateon the healing process (Smith, Flowers, &amp Osborn, 1997).

Publichealthcare administration can also be influenced by the societyperception to the healthcare guidelines by the authorities. For thesake of the health of individuals and the respect for the liberty ofconsumers, the government authorities require that processed foodsspecify the ingredient to their contents. This is to enable theconsumers make the right decision. Cigarette manufacturers specifythat its consumption can be harmful to the health of the consumer.But does such notice help in reversing the desire of the person tosmoke. Tuberculosis patients, for instance, have alcohol andcigarettes to blame for their illness. Patients who understand thisand abandon the behavior undergo a quick recovery and rehabilitationprocess. It is all about making the right decision that is helpful tothe patient health, failure to which the healing process is derailingor even the condition gets complicated and sometimes to death.Processed foods are the leading factor in obesity and cardiovasculardiseases in America. A consumer of these meals knows the compositionof these foods, but they ignore the fact and go ahead to consume yetthey are at a risk of developing the condition. Some balanceconsumption of these foods and carry on the prescribed exercise toavoid developing the conditions that are associated (Smith, 1996).

Culturalpractices and history are other variables that shape behavior in thesociety. As such, it is likely to affect the way People reason interms of handling diseases and patients. To some society, diseaseslike HIV/AIDS are given extreme attention while to others it isconsidered a curse to the society. In the culture where they considerthe condition like any other disease, the patient are positive arepull through fast. Nevertheless, in the societies where the diseaseis equated to a curse, the patient is likely to die because they areneglected, and no medical attention is extended. The African culturesand other third world countries tend to have these ideologies. Insome cases, a physically disabled child is denied access to theoutside world and s hidden since they are considered a cause ofshame. However, those who are enlightened understand it as abiological probability and normal thing and try to seek help to helpthe patient. It is important to understand why these people behave inthe way they do to properly articulate these issues. Otherwise, itcould be difficult to help in these situations or to provide somefavorable education to change their mindset. Cultural beliefs andhistorical practices have influenced access to health care anddisease management (Murray, 2014).

Religionshave been considered to be a source of all good things in the world.However, the general principle is not true in its entirety. In somecase, some extreme religious beliefs made some people not to accessmedical attention from professional health personnel. The problem isalso prevalent in Africa and other third world countries. Forinstance, some religions prohibit their members to seek vaccinationfor their children and the importance of immunizing is paramount.Other beliefs emanate from the lifestyle adopted. For example, someassociate certain meals with their people and would continue toconsume the same. America is a culture that is famous for processedfood like compared to the Chinese, who are famous for theirtraditional cuisine. Processed food is a factor that increasesobesity and cardiovascular diseases. America is the home to themajority of obese. The American population does not learn, and itwill be difficult to manage the obesity problem unless it is clearlyunderstood why they behave so. If it is understood that the cause ofthe problem is huge consumption of junk food and limited exercise,for instance, they should reduce consumption and exercise a lot. TheChinese martial arts classes for school going children is a culturebut highly influence the obesity issues. Health psychology aims atestablishing the behavior of individual and how the same influencethe healing process of delivery of health service (Mullan, Todd,Chatzisarantis, &amp Hagger, 2014).

LiteratureReview

TheBehavior by an individual is affected by the factor in the society,and cultural practices influence the process of healing. The effectcan either be positive and those that derail the process of healing.The healing process is affected by the psychological factors andthese alter and shape the behavior exhibited by the different kind ofpeople. As a society, we are advised to have positive behavior andhelp in the curing process. Avoiding the bad and negative behavior isnot sufficient but extra step in initiating the healing process andrecovery. Encourage them and advise them to follow the prescribedinstructions to pull through. Culture, society, history and religionbelieves that are not beneficial in health management, and healthcareadministration should be avoided and pursue positive behavior.

References

Adler,N., &amp Matthews, K. (2004). Health psychology: Why do some peopleget sick and some stay well?. Annualreview of psychology,45(1),229-259.

Brocki,J. M., &amp Wearden, A. J. (2006). A critical evaluation of the useof interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) in healthpsychology. Psychologyand health,21(1),87-108.

Mullan,B., Todd, J., Chatzisarantis, N. L., &amp Hagger, M. S. (2014).Experimental methods in health psychology in Australia: Implicationsfor applied research. AustralianPsychologist,49(2),104-109.

Murray,M. (2014). Social history of health psychology: Context andtextbooks. Healthpsychology review,8(2),215-237.

OhioState University. (2009, August 31). Some Adults Believe Illness CanBe &quotPayback&quot For Bad Behavior. ScienceDaily.Retrieved August 10, 2015 fromwww.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/08/990831075627.htm

Smith,J. A. (1996). Beyond the divide between cognition and discourse:Using interpretative phenomenological analysis in health psychology.Psychologyand health,11(2),261-271.

Smith,J. A., Flowers, P., &amp Osborn, M. (1997). Interpretativephenomenological analysis and the psychology of health and illness.Materialdiscourses of health and illness,68-91.