Inflammatory Bowel Disorder versus Irritable Bowel Syndrome

InflammatoryBowel Disorder versus Irritable Bowel Syndrome

InflammatoryBowel Disorder versus Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Humanssuffer from scores of digestive disorders that often bearcharacteristics that are slightly similar. For example, nurses mayconfuse inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) for irritable bowel syndrome(IBS) because the conditions have some similar symptoms. This essaywill analyze the pathophysiological mechanisms of inflammatory boweldisorder and irritable bowel syndrome.

Consistentbloody diarrhea is a common symptom of both the IBD and IBS. In somecases, the patients suffering from the conditions may experienceconstipation. Some patients also experience abdominal pain and crampsthat they overcome that reduces drastically after the bowel movement. Additional common characteristics of the patients include weightloss, occasional strong urges for bowel movements, fever and anemiaassociated with iron deficiency in the body due to high blood loss(Huether &amp McCance, 2012).

However,the conditions have unique characteristics that nurses can use todifferentiate them. IBS differs from IBD in that it causes depressionor anxiety, backache, headache, fatigue and a foul smell in themouth. The patients may also experience sexual challenges such asdecreased sexual urge and pain during coitus (Huether &amp McCance,2012). IBS patients also complain of urinary symptoms that includeproblems such as trouble emptying the bladder, starting the urinarystream and desire to pass urine frequently. On the other hand, IBDfeatures extended period of severe symptoms such as fever, fatigueheadache, abdominal pain and other discomforts. The changes are thenfollowed by long periods of no symptoms (Huether &amp McCance,2012).

TheIBD treatment involves diet adjustment. Physicians recommend patientsto consume the deficient nutrients in plenty as well as follow theFODMAP diet. Increased fiber consumption or even taking fibersupplements may also help to address the condition (McPhee &ampHammer, 2012). In severe cases, the physicians also prescribeclinical drugs that aim to address certain symptoms such asantidepressants for depression, laxatives for constipation,loperamide for diarrhea, antibiotic for bacterial overgrowth andLinaclotide for bowel movements (Huether &amp McCance, 2012). Similarly, IBS can be treated through dietary adjustment andadministration of diverse clinical drugs that suppress the symptom.So far, physicians have not developed specific medication that cantreat any of the gastric disorders (Huether &amp McCance, 2012).Consequently, the treatment aims to reduce the prevalence of thesymptoms.

SinceIBS and IBD share similar symptoms that affect the digestion tract,the treatment used for one disorder can be used to treat the other.For instance, physicians recommend either patient to adjust theirdiet, take antidepressants, laxatives or even increase consumption offiber as well as iron nutrients to avoid suffering from anemia(McPhee &amp Hammer, 2012).

TheIBS disorder may occur on both genders, but women are two to threetimes more vulnerable to the disorder compared to men. Approximately20% of the population in the West suffers from the disorder, andwomen represent 60-70% of the patients (Laureate Education, Inc.,2012). Similarly, IBD affects both genders, but men are morevulnerable to the condition than women. However, expectant mothersare more likely to suffer from either disorder compared to men due totheir physical state. In addition, treatment of the disorder forpregnant mothers could be challenging due to hormonal changes theyexperience. Furthermore, the internal processes in women such asmenstruation may lead to altered body processes that could result intemporary gastric tract disorder that later corrects itself (LaureateEducation, Inc., 2012).

References

Huether,S. E., &amp McCance, K. L. (2012). Understandingpathophysiology (Laureate custom ed.).St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

LaureateEducation, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012c). The gastrointestinalsystem. Baltimore, MD: Author.

McPhee,S. J., &amp Hammer, G. D. (2012). Pathophysiology of disease: Anintroduction to clinical medicine (Laureate Education, Inc., customed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Medical.