Sometimesthere is a thin distinction between fact and fiction/. However, whenreading a story cone can identify various attributes as presented bythe author to differentiate the two. The line separating the two isnot clear in "The Things They Carried" by O’Brien(O`Brien, 1998). However, we can identify the distinction betweenthem from the author’s repeatedly indicating that his story was amakeup. The story is so convincing that one would think it to be afactual account. There is a great risk when reading stories inthat’s some of the accounts appears so real to the mind that it maybe difficult to term them as fictions. In his account, O’Brienrecounts of the characteristics of a true war. According to him, atrue war is never moral. It neither instructs nor encourage anyvirtue. A true war does not encourage or suggest an appropriate modelfor human morality. Also it does not restrain people from doing whatthey want. For this description, it is would a sound decision toconclude that a moral story is never factual. The accounts in hisstory are very moral to the point of appearing true to the reader.However, his assertion of the fiction nature of the story and thecharacteristics he gives regarding a true account makes a criticalreader take an informed stand concerning the story (O`Brien, 1998).
Ican associate the accounts given by O’Brien with chapter three ofThe Story Factor where we find the assertion that, “What a StoryCan Do that Facts Can’t. O’Brien is very convincing in hisstory, and this cannot happen in facts. From these accounts, leadershave the responsibility of giving true stories to their followers.The credibility of the story determines the reputation that they getfrom their group. In chapter one of O’Brien’s work, the narratorsees the things carried by the characters whether tangible or not(O`Brien, 1998). A leader should have a deep thought of the thingshappening to his people whether good or bad. The narrator depictsO’Brien as a person who is thinking beyond facts. A leader should,therefore, be able to understand facts from fiction. In thischapter, we also come across Rat, who wrote a letter to a ladyinforming her that her brother was dead. The letter was to someextent rude, and the lady never bothered to reply. A good leaderwould use a calculated approach when dealing with sensitive issues.He should be motivational and encouraging even during people’slowest moments
Inthe transcript of “The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life ofRoberts” depicts the life and perspectives of a military leader(Goodman, 2010). He exhibits a high level of politeness andself-control. He knows how to choose his words even whencommunicating with the president. His perspective and attitudetowards others and his personality saw him climb the ladder and thehigh and mighty sought him for advice. An important lesson from thisis that the perspective and approach toward issues strengthen thetrust and credibility that people have for him. When speakingpresident McNamara says, “Well, I do think, Mr. President, it wouldbe wise for you to say as little as possible…. It is a veryuncertain period” (Goodman, 2010). The way that he speaks is incontext with the discussions going on though we do not get furtherinformation about what was to happen. However, it appears to be avery grave situation. An important lesson from this is that theimportance of what a leader says reflects in how he says it.
Leadershipis greatly under the influence of the way people see things. BetterThis Word provides an important lesson on perspective and leadership.Darby influenced Crowder and McKay to see things from a differentperspective engage in making bombs instead of being mere activists(Duane &Galloway, 2011). Darby is influential and moreexperienced than the others. For this reason, they believed andfollowed him. It implies that when leaders do not use their power forthe ethical and good of others, the decisions they make can bedetrimental not only to their lives but those of the public.
Ifound all these reading to be helpful especially in shapingleadership qualities. I draw a lot of lessons from the languagecontrast n the stories. From them, I can draw the qualities of a goodand an incompetent leader. Negative emotions instigate anger and aleader may find himself on the verge of malpractice but having theright attitude and approach towards different issues helps inmaintaining a credible behavior (Simmons, 2006). I also appreciatethe different words that leader use. Some of them can be hurting addiscouraging especially when uttered in the wrong mood. On the otherhand, leaders can be motivational and encouraging by the words theyuse. Choosing words wisely has a great impact on the lives of otherpeople and the confidence they get in a leader especially when theyneed support.
Thispost will highlight the lessons from the different readings regardingleadership and perspectives. O’Brien’s piece of work depicts thequalities of a good leader. In chapter one, a leader gets thecharacteristics of being visionary and digging for information tosuffice his knowledge. The narrator sees all the things carried bythe followers and analyzes them. In doing so, he understands thevarious effects they have on the followers. The leader can see mostif the burdens that people overlook like dieses n infirmities. Someof the followers are also carrying some of their own, and this is notusually a burden in the eyes of many leaders (O`Brien, 1998).
O’Brienclears the blur on the fiction nature of his work by creating severaltimes that his work was all made up. He gives various thresholds thatone can use to determine a true and a false occurrence.
Thechapter on “How Well to Tell a Story” reminds me of the negativeleadership qualities at leaders should avoid. To be a successfulleader, one ought to have a credible behavior. It helps to clear thedoubt that creeps in the followers. The chapter also introduces theaspect of politeness ad motivating others. Rat failed t do whenwriting a letter to a lady with a deceased brother. Te lady does noreply due to the rudeness depicted in the letter. A leader shouldapproach sensitive matters with a caution to avoid loss of trust andconfidence that people have on them (O`Brien, 1998).
Inthe transcript, “The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life ofMcNamara," I get the clear depiction of a leader with a positiveattitude that helps him to remain in control of his emotions(Simmons, 2006). He has a controlled speech, and he earnspromotions. Powerful government officials seek his advice inimportant matters. How well a leader carries himself determines thestatus that other people give him.
Inconclusion, perspective is an important aspect when telling a story.It influences the credibility of a story. A leader should develop apositive attitude to depict the importance of his utterances.
Duane,D. & Galloway, K. (2011). BetterThis World | The Award-winning Documentary Film.San-fracisco, CA: Loteria films.
Goodman,B. (2010). Americanexperience: My Lai DVD.Boston, MA: Film, PBS:
O`Brien,T. (1998). Thethings they carried: A work of fiction.New York, NY Broadway.
Simmons,A. (2006). Thestory factor: Secrets of influence from the art of storytelling(Rev. ed.). New York, NY: Basic Books.