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The Lord of the Flies have reflected the elements of the author,William in various ways. It is clear from the film that the mainobjective of the author is to see the boys rescued from the Island.He creates a situation where there are conflicting forces with regardto the process of rescue. However, it is notable that by the end, therational and the civilized side led by Ralph wins when he is locatedby the British naval officer. It is clear that William is an authorwho understands and yearns for civilization (Wilson 61).Additionally, the film clearly indicates that William is an authorwho is in contact with the current world and understands the powerstruggles that exists in a contemporary world. Another element ofWilliam that is evident from the film is the fact that he is humaneand civilized. He believes in a society that people are livingtogether without conflicts and where people can assist each other. Heis civilized in that there are instances where the boys are seen asusing civilization to sustain themselves such as how they tell thetime and how they lit the fire.
Ralph- this is the leader in the group of the boys and who appearsto be reasonable and civilized. Ralph tries his best to unite theboys and guide them towards finding a way of rescuing themselves(Bufkin 45). It is abundantly clear that Ralph represents the humantouch in the film and he is a role model in the film
Jack- this is a character who is the direct opposite of Ralph in thefilm. He is a savage and represents the uncivilized people in theworld who fail to reason (Bufkin 56). He is rude and cruel and alsojealous of Ralph’s leadership. Jack is also a manipulator and hetries his best to manipulate al the boys to abandon Ralph.
Simon- Simon has been used in the film by William to representpeople in the world who are naturally good and they do not requirecivilization to be imposed on them in order for them to behavemorally (Wilson 74). Simon seeks the best for the boys in the island.It is clear that Simon is polite and kind to the two small boys andhe dies in the film attempting to do good for the other boys.
There are a number of objects which are symbolic in the film. Thebeast that is referred to in the novel is a symbol of the evil thatlurks within people in the society. The beast is described as beingevery within the people (Spitz 22). Ralph is used as a symbol of thecivilized people in the society while the Jack is a symbol of thecruel and savage people in society who are enemies of progress. Thefire in the island is a symbol of rescue as well destruction (Bremen33). It is because of the fire that the boys are rescued.Additionally, the fire destroys the forest when it goes out ofcontrol. Piggy’s glasses are also symbolic in the film. They are asymbol of civilization and technology advancement.
The entire story in the island is true reflection of the society.The presence of different personalities such as Ralph and Jack in theisland is a reflection of the society. The author is clearlyasserting that the society is full of struggles and people arelooking that one precious thing such as the rescue from the island(Xiaofang and Weihua 22). The author also asserts that there arepower struggles in society and that it is not every person who willsupport the leader. Additionally, the author attempts to state thatthere are instances where the society is evil and people can conspireagainst one another. Lastly, the author clearly illustrates that thegood always wins in society.
A scapegoat is a person who mainly suffers for mistakes that he orshe did not commit. It is clear from the beginning of the film thatPiggy is a subject or ridicule and derision. He is referred to asfatty due to his body weight. It is surprising that there is no onewho recognizes his efforts in realizing the importance of the conchin bringing order and civilization in the island. His glasses arealso used to lit fire in the island yet Jack breaks one of them andsteals the other within the film (Bremen 65). It is abundantly clearPiggy is the scapegoat in the film. He suffers for doing well to theother boys in the island. There is no one who seems to recognize hisintellectual ability, but the boys only view him in terms of his bodyweight and size. The boys make fun of him and laugh at him due to hisoverweight condition. Piggy was a symbol of law and order in theisland but he was killed with a boulder by Roger, which alsodestroyed the conch hence breaking law and order in the community.
How Does Golding use Lord of the Flies to express his feelings aboutlaw and order?
It is abundantly clear that the author of the Lord of Flies, WilliamGolding holds the aspect of law and order in high regard. This isaccording to the way he presents the two conflicting forces betweenRalph and Jack (Wilson 74). At the end of the film, Ralph who upheldlaw and order emerges as the winner since he helps in rescuing theboys. It can be observed from the film that William put more emphasison what the boys who seemed conventional and following law and orderwere doing than what people such as Jack were doing (Wilson 51). Thefact that Ralph was elected as the leader of the group is testimonyenough that William supported law and order and believed that thesociety should be operated under the law and order. William abhors achaotic world where people do not follow any law or order.
The instances where there was no law and order in the film haveended in bloodshed and loss. When Jack managed to influence the otherboys to follow him, it resulted to the death of Piggy and the burningdown of the forest. These are results of a chaotic society wherethere is no law and order. Additionally, there seems to be no peacewhen there is no law and order. This is indicated by the fact thatRalph is running away into the forest to avoid the wrath of the otherboys who were supporting Jack (Spitz 61). When Ralph was leading thegroup, there was law and order and the boys stayed in harmony. Thelack of law and order in the film makes the boys to miss out on thepeople who would have rescued them. It is clear that since there wasno law and order, the boys who were responsible to maintain the firewere out playing. When Ralph requests the boy that they build someshelter, Jack and his friends did not support him, but they chose togo playing and hunting. This creates the impression that the lack oflaw and order causes disagreements. William expresses the feelingthat law and order are extremely important in society and lack of thesame only leads to losses. Law and order creates a source ofauthority in every society (Spitz 45). In the island where the boyswere living, there was no law and order and therefore there was nosource of authority. Everybody had the right to do what he deemedfit. Law and order also creates a system of governance which includespunishment. In this society, lack of law and order allowed peoplesuch as Jack to commit any crime and get away with it.
It is evident from the discussion above that the author, William,compares the island of the boys to a real life society in thecontemporary world. The power struggles, the conflicts, deaths anddestruction of property, as well as lost opportunities to be rescuedare a comparison of the contemporary world. William uses symbolism inthe film to depict the various aspects in society such as savage andcivilization. The film is a true reflection of a civilized societyand a savaged society can be (Bufkin 56). William supports the aspectof having law and order in the society. He does this through showingthe success that Ralph had despite the opposition from Jack. Ralphwas responsible for the rescue of all the boys.
Bremen, Ernest. Cruelty and Narrow-mindedness. Int. J. Psychoanal.66:273. 2011. Print
Xiaofang Li and Weihua Wu. On Symbolic Significance of Characters inLord of the Flies. English Language Teaching. Vol 2. No. 1.2009. Print.
Wilson, David. A study on the reflection of biblical characters andconcepts in lord of the flies. International Journal of Researchin Humanities, Arts and Literature. Vol 2. Issue 5. 2014. Print.
Bufkin, Charles. Lord of the Flies: An Analysis. The GeorgiaReview, Vol. 19, No. 1. 2013. Print.
Spitz, David. Power and Authority: An Interpretation of Golding`s"Lord of the Flies". The Antioch Review, Vol. 30,No. 1. 2011. Print.