MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSE 5
MassiveOpen Online Course (MOOC)
MassiveOpen Online Courses is a modern method of interactive learning thathas gained impetus in the modern world where time and location limitslearners in accessing education from their preferred institutions andcourses(Adamopoulos, 2013).This new darling model of distance learning helps to bring togetherlearners and tutors into an interactive learning platform through theinternet(Yuan and Stephen, 2013).The aim of the MOOCs is to facilitate large-scale interactiveparticipative learning via the internet. Instructors interact andconduct learning activities through discussion platforms. Accordingto Littlejohn (2013), MOOC does not require any great pre-requisitequalifications, preparations or pre-defined nature of learningparticipation.
MOOCmeans a learning approach based on connnectivism and connectingknowledge. Connectivisms in MOOC seek to enhance distribution ofknowledge across the web and student interaction to enhance learningrather than the instructor transferring bodies of knowledge tolearners(Bell, 2011).Littlejohn (2013) observes that learning in MOOC is open in nature,learner-defined and non-hierarchical instructors and learnersinteract freely as they share knowledge(Harvey and Glinsky et al. 2014).There are various versions of MOOCs that have emerged with distinctpedagogy approach(Steve, 2013).While the original form of MOOC was pegged on connectivism, the newMOOCs approach takes new pedagogical forms such as the xMOOCs that ispurely based on ‘instructivism’ learning approach. Instructivism(xMOOCs) pedagogy focuses its learning goals based on instructor’sperspective and learning channels defined by environment and learners(Bozkurt, Akgun-Ozbek, Onrat-Yilmazer et al., 2015).Littlejohn (2013, p3), observed that xMOOCs is largely defined byfactors such as limited time for students’ interaction.
Althoughthere are various learning approaches for MOOCs learning, all MOOCsenhance unlimited and open access to participatory learning viainternet. The future of MOOCs is promising based on the fact thatmost MOOC have limited regulatory challenges from government andeducational bodies(Iiyoshi, Kumar and Vijay, 2008).Massive Open Online learning is the next frontier in enhacingdistance learning (Waldrop,2013).
AdamopoulosP. (2013). "What Makes a Great MOOC? An InterdisciplinaryAnalysis of Student Retention in Online Courses", ICIS2013 Proceedings(2013) pp. 1–21
Bell,Frances (2011). "Connectivism:Its Place in Theory-Informed Research and Innovation inTechnology-Enabled Learning",International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning,Volume 12, Number 3, 2011, Retrieved 18 August 2015.
Bozkurt,A., Akgun-Ozbek, E., Onrat-Yilmazer, S., Erdogdu, E., Ucar, H.,Guler, E., Sezgin, S., Karadeniz, A., Sen, N., Goksel-Canbek, N.,Dincer, G. D., Ari, S.,& Aydin, C. H. (2015). Trends in DistanceEducation Research: A Content Analysis of Journals 2009-2013.International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning,16(1), 330-363. Accessed fromhttps://www.academia.edu/11056576/Trends_in_Distance_Education_Research_A_Content_Analysis_of_Journals_2009-2013
Harvey,L.H. Glinsky, J.V. et al. (December 2014). "A for teaching physiotherapy students andphysiotherapists about spinal cord injuries"(PDF). SpinalCord52:911–918.
Iiyoshi,Toru Kumar, M. S. Vijay (2008). Openingup Education: The Collective Advancement of Education through OpenTechnology, Open Content, and Open Knowledge.MIT Press.
Littlejohn,A. and Pegler, C. (Eds) (2014) ReusingOpen Resources: learning in open networks for work, life andeducationRoutledge: New York
SteveKolowich (21 February 2013). "CompetingMOOC Providers Expand into New Territory—and Each Other`s"(blog by expert journalist). TheChronicle of Higher Education.Retrieved 18August2015.
RobertZemsky, (2014). "With a MOOC MOOC here and a MOOC MOOC there,here a MOOC, there a MOOC, everywhere a MOOC MOOC," Journalof General Education(2014) 63#4 pp. 237-243
Yuan,Li, and Stephen Powell (2013). MOOCs and Open Education: Implicationsfor Higher Education White Paper. University of Bolton: CETIS.
Waldrop,M. Mitchell Nature magazine (13 March 2013). "MassiveOpen Online Courses, aka MOOCs, Transform Higher Education andScience."ScientificAmerican.Accessed 18August 2015.