Middle East

MIDDLE EAST 4

MiddleEast

MiddleEast

The is the region covering the western Asia and Egypt. Theregion has over time been a central part of world affairs in social,economic and political aspects. The reason for selecting the MiddleEast as the region to analyze is because of its importance to theworld economy, and the controversies the region has attracted overthe years. This region is rich in mineral resources, particularlyfossil fuel oil, and has been the major producer of oil used in theworld (McCoy,2010).Ironically, the region has over the years attracted conflicts in mostof the countries, some of which have never been solved. The major problem facing the is the political instabilities and violent conflictsbetween the countries and communities. The conflict is mostlypropelled by amenity and the desire to control the oil rich countriesand take the resources that come along with the oil riches. As aresult, there arises a second problem of mismanagement of economicand natural resources, which could have benefited the citizens of theregion. The geographic uniqueness of the is the dryclimate that is characterized by high temperatures, which posesanother challenge.The has impacted the physical and cultural environment of theregions due to its unique natural resources. Some parts of the regionhave recorded economic growth because of the wealth earned from theoil resources (Daraghani,2014).Countries like UAE and Qatar are extremely rich with Turkey, Iran andSaudi Arabia have stable economies. According to CIA World Factbook,the GDP measurement standards place three of the largest economies to be Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Iran (CIA, 2013). While somecountries in the region have used petroleum oil to develop theregion, other countries have used the natural resource to thedetriment of their country. Countries like Yemen and Gaza areextremely poor, with their citizens living in serious poverty (McCoy,2010).As a result, the living standards in these countries are low, despitehaving the potential to grow into strong economies.Theregion enjoys the advantage of being located in the middle of othercontinents like Africa, Europe and Asia. This gives the region a goodproximity in terms of transport and communication, at the same time,the region is located in the oceans, where water transport isadvantageous for its trade. The main disadvantage of the location isthe high-heat climate and the desert features (McCoy,2010).The region experiences scarce rainfall and has extreme levels of heatduring the summer season, which limits agriculture where there is noirrigation. At the same time, countries are not friendlydue to suspicion and conflicts that have persisted in the region overtime.Themajor conflict in the region is violent and armed fighting betweencountries due to border disagreements and religious disputes. One ofthe long term conflicts is that between Israel and Palestine. Themiddles east conflict has persisted for decades and seems not to endas the two countries cannot reach an agreement or compromise (McCoy,2010).The divergent differences fueled by extremist religious beliefs thatlead to the armed conflicts. In addition, the conflicts have givenhome for the breeding of extremism that continually builds terrorismthat is directed to other countries. As a result, some parts of the today are lacking peace or stable governments despitehaving rich deposits of oil that signals economic strength. References

CentralIntelligence Agency, CIA, 2013. TheWorldFactbook 2012-13.Lanham: Bernan Assoc

McCoy,L. (2010). MiddleEast: Facts and Figures.Broomall, PA: Mason Crest Publishers

Daraghani,B. (2014). Warhas cost $35bn, says World Bank.Retrieved From,&lthttp://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/f600d7b6-86d1-11e4-8a51-00144feabdc0.html#axzz3hYZE5IE5&gtJuly 31. 2015