Nature vs. Nurture

NATURE VS. NURTURE 3

Naturevs. Nurture

Drugaddictionis a complexphenomenonthat causesphysiological, physicalandemotionaldamage.Equally,thecausesof drugabuseare complex,with bothnurtureandnaturecominginto play.Assuch,itis importantto understandhowthesefactorscomeintoplayto shapeaddiction(Wickstrom, 2015).

Accordingto research,drugabuseandaddictionis complex,with geneticsandenvironmentbeingthemajorfactorsthat influencethevice(Wickstrom,2015).Geneticsaffectthestructureof thebrainsandthebodiesandmakesindividualsproneto theeffectsof substances.Thebrainstructureis alsoresponsibleforcreatingdependenceon substancesthathaveaddictive properties,therebypredisposingindividualsto addiction.Researchonbrainchemistryfocuseson dopamine as themajorforcethat leadsto addiction.Althoughnot allpeoplehavegenetictendenciestowards addiction,a 2010 researchthatindividualsthat aregenetically predisposedto addictionare likelyto seekhelpfrom othersubstanceabusers henceendup abusingdrugs(Wickstrom, 2015).However,drugabuseandaddictionismorecomplexthan merebiology.Researchers believethatmorethan fifty percent ofdrugabuseis as a resultof natureortheenvironmental factors.Among theseenvironmental factorsincludetheeasyaccessto drugs,livingwith familymembersthat abusedrugsandpermissiveattitudestowards drugsin theenvironment(Wickstrom, 2015).

Aresearchof adoptive childrenhas confirmedthattheriskof drugabuseis a complexinterplayof both thegeneticandenvironmental factors.Accordingto theresearch,childrenwhoseparentsabusedrugsmay inheritgeneticfactorsthat predisposethem todrugabuse,orbesubjectedto an environmentthat will predisposethem to drugabuse.Assuch,theimportantquestionshould not be whethernurtureornaturehas a rolein drugabuse,buthowthetwo comeintoplayto predisposeindividualsto drugabuse.Thiswillbe helpfulinidentifyingthedynamics of drugabuseandaddiction,therebychartingan appropriaterecoverypath.

Reference

Wickstrom,P. (2015). Natureor Nurture: What causes drug addiction. Retrieved fromhttp://www.drugrehabilitationreviews.com/addiction/nature-or-nurture-what-is-the-cause/