Organizationalpolitics refers to the avenues through which competing interestsamong members of the same organization are channelled and handled.According to McShane & Von Glinow (2013), these attempts to sellideas, increase power or achieve other objectives are always informaland unofficial since they do concur with the real goals of theorganization. Organizational politics is raised and supported by avariety of factors. These factors are classified into two types,namely organizational conditions and personal characteristics.
Organizationalconditions that support organizational politics included limitedresources,interpretation of limited resources, uncertaintyin decision-making,high pressure to perform, performance evaluation, decision-makingculture and affected lower power people. Personal characteristics, inthis case, refer to the attitudes and behaviors of individuals withinan organization. Personal characteristics that promote organizationalpolitics include jealousy. Fairholm, (2009) argues that theseindividual or personal desires aim at gaining the power to controland influence the decision-making process of the organization.
Ifnot well controlled, organizational politics can negatively affect anorganization (Fairholm,2009).As a result, several methods have been brought forward to minimizeorganizational politics. These include controlling politics, opencommunication, avoiding favoritism, setting good examples for othersto emulate and goal correspondence. For example, the junior staff ofa given company may feel neglected or sidelined if they do not getvaluable information about the organization from the top management.This scenario can cause unrest among the staff, leading toorganizational politics. One way that can be used to remedy thissituation is open communication. The top management of theorganization should put the junior staff in the know on all mattersconcerning the company. This intervention will boost the trust thatthe staff has in their management, minimizing organizationalpolitics.
Fairholm,G. W. (2009). Organizationalpower politics: Tactics in organizational leadership.Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger/ABC-CLIO.
McShane,S. L., & Von Glinow, M. A. (2013). Organizational behavior (6thed.). New York, NY:McGraw-Hill/Irwin.