Paper Outline Discrimination of the LGBT Community

PaperOutline: Discrimination of the LGBT Community

Introduction:Discrimination of the LGBT Community

Thecommunity of lesbians, gays, bisexual, and tans-gender individualshas been discriminated by the majority mainstream communitythroughout its history (Burns and Menefee, 2012). This topic isimportant for research because it addresses an issue that threatensthe fundamental human rights of members of the LGBT community(Taylor, 2013). As a democratic country, United States needs todevelop a way of overcoming the problem of discrimination againstthese people. Research on the topic will identify the challenges,causes and solutions to problems of discrimination against the LGBTcommunity. This introduction section is important to the overallquestion because it provides a background of LGBT discrimination andenables readers to understand the research question and thesis beforeit is addressed in depth in the next sections.

ResearchQuestion:Discrimination of Members of the LGBT Community in the Work Sectorwithin the Period Starting from 1970s?

Variables:LGBT discrimination laws and Number of LGBT employees


Theresearch uses a sample of past studies that addressed legislationsand condition of discrimination of LGBT community since 1970s todate. Sociological perspectives have been identified from thesestudies. The methodology is then used to examine the relationshipbetween people in greater perspective to the minority LGBT communityversus the majority mainstream community. The methodology alsoinvolved examination of sociological perspectives on people behaviorand people’s reactions to societal attitudes (Burns and Menefee,2012). The role of this section in the development of researchquestion and thesis is that it determines how the research findingsare used to answer the research question and develop the thesis in anobjective and understandable manner.


Severalliterature sources are highlighted and used in this section toprovide an understanding of theories and views of past research onthe topic. This section addresses areas such as origin and history ofLGBT community, study findings on workplace discrimination, legalapproaches to LGBT community discrimination, and the levels ofvictimization and violence against members of the LGBT community.Workplace discrimination is identified by studies by Tilcsik (2011,Blackwell et al (2004) and Pizer et al (2012) who agree thatworkplace discrimination is imminent, and strong legal structuresshould be developed to overcome such discriminations. The study ofKiran (2004) is also used to show that victimization and violence hasbeen prevalent in present day society, since 1980s. This section isimportant for the thesis and research question of the researchbecause it provides literature, past research findings, views, andtheories that can be used to explain the research question andsupport the thesis of the researcher.


Theconclusion summarizes the findings in order to connect literature andresearch to answer the research question, and restates the thesis ofthe research. The researcher argues that LGBT community still facesdiscrimination in society and employment, and the current federal andstate laws are too weak to safeguard the interests of its members.Because the LGBT community plays a significant role in social andeconomic activities of the country, the federal and state lawsagainst discrimination of the LGBT community need to be strengthenedto protect the community. This section is relevant to the researchquestion and thesis because it summarizes the findings of theresearch in order to determine the position of the researcher andprovide an objective answer to the research question.


Blackwell,C.W., Ricks, J.L. and Dziegielewski, S.F. (2004). “Discriminationof Gays and Lesbians: A Social Justice Perspective. Journalof Health &amp Social Policy,19(4), 27-43.

Burns,G., and Menefee, L. (2012). Gayand Transgender Discrimination in the Public Sector: Why It’s aProblem for State and Local Governments, Employees, and Taxpayers.Retrieved 17/7/2015 from

Pizer,J.C., Sears, B., Mallory, C. and Hunter, N.D. (2012). Evidenceof Persistent and Pervasive Workplace Discrimination Against LGBTPeople: The Need for Federal Legislation Prohibiting Discriminationand Providing for Equal Employment Benefits.Loyolaof Los Angeles Law Review,45(3), 715–779.

Sarma,K. (2004). Chasing a rainbow: victimization of the gay and lesbiancommunity. IrishJournal of Applied Social Studies,5(1), 58-73.

Taylor,P. (2013). Asurvey of LGBT Americans: attitudes, experiences and values inchanging times.Washington: Pew Research Center.

Tilcsik.(2011). Prideand Prejudice: Employment Discrimination against Openly Gay Men inthe United States.AJS, 117(2),586–626.