PARENTING AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 2
Parentingand Physical Activity
Whenparents bring children up, they use different styles that havevarying results on the behavior of children. Different parentingstyles affect the physical activity of children in different ways.The physical health of children largely depends on the parentalguidance and a significant level of control. Permissive, uninvolved,authoritative and authoritarian parenthoods are two distinct methodsof bringing up children. Their fundamental approaches have differenteffects on the physical activity of children and consequently theirhealth. The two affect the behavior of children differently.
Permissiveparenting is more of responsive than demanding. Parents using thisapproach avoid confrontations with their children, and they rarelydiscipline them and they have low expectations for them. Childrenhave the freedom to make choices concerning their engagements inphysical activities.
Uninvolvedparents do not take part in the decisions made by the children.Children make choices without the knowledge of the parents. Most ofthe times, uninvolved parents do not provide anything beyond thebasic rights. Children are therefore prone to make the wrongdecisions due to the lack of sound guidance. In matters of physicalactivity, children with uninvolved parents do not receive anyproposals on the best games they can play or the materials they canuse. They are likely to remain dormant just like the children frompermissive backgrounds.
Onthe other hand, authoritative parents are always willing to helptheir children. They establish rules and guidelines that childrenhave to follow. They are very assertive and they make efforts to maketheir children understand the importance of things that they wantthem to accomplish. When it comes to physical activities, parentswill help their children and encourage them to participate in themost appropriate engagements.
Aclosely related parenting style is the authoritarianism. Parents havestrict rules for their children, and failure to adhere to themattracts punishments (Kimiecik & Horn, 2012). Authoritarianparents are the final decision makers in all matters affecting theirchildren. Children, therefore, have no option but to follow theparental decision. In matters of physical activity, the parentsdictate what their children ought to do and they do it withoutraising questions.
Thenature of children is to become lax whenever they do not have anybodyto engage them in activities. Parental guidance is, therefore,imperative when it comes to physical activities. Permissive anduninvolved parents allow children to make choices regarding dyethings they want do. For this reason, children will always opt foractivities that engage them the least fearing getting tired. Childrenfrom these families are likely to have growth problems like obesityamong others (Kimiecik & Horn, 2012).
Onthe other hand, authoritative and authoritarian parents create aworld of opportunities for their children. They expect their childrento explore the world while they offer supervision. They encouragetheir children to engage in different activities. The decision thatparents make for their children regarding engaging in physicalactivities s for the good of the children’s health (Kimiecik &Horn, 2012).
Inconclusion, permissive and uninvolved parenting denies the children achance to engage in intensive physical activity as opposed to bothauthoritarian and authoritative parenting. The two approaches thatcontrol the actions of children tend to engage children in vigorousactivities. Children from such families have fewer chances to sufferfrom childhood complications that emanate from a poor lifestyle ofdormancy. Children will opt to stay idle if parents do not take theinitiative to encourage them participate in physical activities.
Kimiecik,J. C., & Horn, T. S. (2012). Examining the relationship betweenfamily context and children’s physical activity beliefs: the roleof parenting style. Psychologyof Sport and Exercise,13(1),10-18.