PARENTING CONCEPT ANALYSIS 10
Concept and the purpose of studying it
The concept of parenting in nursing is a critical and useful conceptthat has been identified as a global health issue. Parenting has beenidentified as a health issue in the society which is worth studying.Parenting is a vital concept since it has a direct influence on themental and physical health of children who are being raised. Researchhas indicated that the effective parenting results in a generationthat is healthy both mentally and physically. There is a need tofocus research on the need for effective parenting in order to ensurethat the future generations will be healthy and productive (Aquilino& Supple, 2001). The concept of parenting is paramount to variousdisciplines including the discipline of nursing. Nurses, especiallythe ones working around families and community health requireknowledge on parenting. These nurses require the essentialtheoretical and practical parenting knowledge and skills that mighthave an effect on the health of the children.
Effective parenting leads to the holistic development of the child.Nurses require skills and knowledge in parenting to ensure that theycan health issues affecting children and also to be in a position todetermine whether the developmental problems that the child issuffering from might be as a result of poor parenting. It is evidentthat parenting comes along with numerous roles and responsibilitiesand parenting knowledge is essential (Aquilino & Supple, 2001).Nurses need to advise mothers on the best practices of parenting. Theknowledge on parenting will help nurses working with communities andfamilies to be a position to advise the parents. Research hasindicated that parenting is mainly implicated with the various vicesin society such as early pregnancies, drug abuse, mental illnesses,juvenile crime and unemployment (Virasiri et al., 2011). It istherefore clear that parenting plays a vital role in the developmentof the child and in ensuring that the future generation is safe fromphysical or mental harm and therefore healthy.
Nurses are faced with mental conditions in their daily practices. Itis paramount for the nurse to know whether the mental condition is asa result of poor parenting or it is a result of other psychologicalimbalances. This will require the nurse to have the necessaryparenting knowledge (Virasiri et al., 2011). While advising theparents, nurses require knowledge on lifestyle and dieting. This isare aspects which are associated with parenting. While handling casessuch as obesity and overweight in children, it is clear to focus onthe aspect of parenting since it has a direct effect on lifestyle anddieting.
Why parenting is of interest to nursing discipline
Parenting cannot be separated from the discipline of nursing. Thisis because nurses work with families and also with communities. Inorder to maintain and promote healthy practices amongst thesefamilies and communities, the nurses must be in a position to provideparents with the right information regarding parenting. There is adirect contact or relation between parenting and children’s health(Virasiri et al., 2011). It is therefore clear that the nurses willrequire immense theoretical and practical knowledge of parenting.Poor parenting will definitely lead to poor health such as obesityand overweight. When nurses are prescribing a diet to children, it isclear that such diets will be administered by the parents or thecaregivers. Dieting is part of parenting and therefore nurses and thenursing profession in general require the knowledge of parenting inorder to promote and maintain a healthy society.
There are instances when nurses are left to care for children whentheir parents are unable to provide such care. This implies that thenurses must be having the necessary skills in parenting that willenable them to provide the essential care for the children. The roleof the nurses comprise that of caring for children which constitutesparenting (Francine, 2014). It is notable that there are instanceswhere the nurse looks after the children when the biological motheris ailing in the hospital. This is mostly the case when the childrenare dependent on the biological parent. The nurse will definitelyrequire the essential parenting skills in order to take effectivecare for the children. To the entire nursing field, parenting conceptis vital in various ways. Considering that nurses work mainly withcommunities, it is essential to know what elements might contributeto the loss of health to children (Aquilino & Supple, 2001). Poorparenting practices such as offering imbalanced diet to the children,psychological and physical abuse as well as giving children alifestyle that is devoid of exercise may result in healthcomplications. It is essential for the nursing field to make nursesaware of such causes of ailments which result from parenting styles.Training of nurses on various ways of parenting and their effects onthe overall health of the child will be essential in informing thenursing activities. Nurses are useful in parenting advocacy programshence parenting knowledge is paramount (Francine, 2014).
Attributes of parenting and their uses
Parenting has been defined as the process by parents of providingeffective care and support to children which results in the overalldevelopment of child that includes physical and emotionaldevelopment. Effective parenting has been associated with good healthin children and in society at large. On the contrary, poor parentingis associated with aspect such as mental disorders, physical harm,drug abuse and unemployment. Parenting consists of numerousattributes. These attributes are the main characteristics of theconcept which come to mind when the concept is being mentioned ordefined (Virasiri et al., 2011). The primary attribute of parentingis the process. It is clear from the definition of parenting that theaspect of the process of caring for the child is a major attribute.Being a process, parenting takes places throughout the childhood lifeof every person. This is a period when the child learns numerousbehaviors and it is therefore essential to look into the growth anddevelopment of the child keenly.
Another key attribute of parenting concept is the fact that there isparents involved in delivering everyday care to the children. It isclear the word parenting comes from parent and therefore the conceptmust involve the role of parents or people standing in as parents toprovide care, support and direction for the children. The last majorattribute of parenting concept is that its major aim is to promoteand maintain the growth, development and the wellbeing of the child.While parenting, the parents have the primary role of ensuring thatthe child’s growth and development is normal and that the child ishealthy (Virasiri et al., 2011). This attribute of parenting isextremely useful as it ensures that the child grows and develops tobecome a successful person in the society.
Summary of concept in articles
The first article that was reviewed was by Francine deMontigny and Carl Lacharite titled the "Perceived parentalefficacy: Concept analysis." The authors of the articlesought to distinguish effective parenting from parental confidence orparental competence. The scholars conducted intensive research wherethey studied over 30 nursing articles from various databases. Theresults found that there are various principles that must be met inorder to achieve efficacy in parenting. The principles for effectiveparenting were found to be vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion,positive and enactive mastery experiences, as well as stablepsychological and affective state (Francine, 2014). According theauthors of this article, effective parenting constitutes the beliefsand the conviction that a parent holds with regard to his or herability to carry out activities that lead to the art of parenting.
The second article that was reviewed regarding the concept ofparenting is the "Parenting: What are the CriticalAttributes?" by Virasiri, Yunnibhand and Chaiyawat.According to these authors, parenting is a serious public healthissue and therefore knowledge regarding the issue is essential toparents, health workers, teachers and caregivers. Knowledge inparenting is useful in the promotion of the health of children andthe family as a whole. The authors state categorically that there isa difference between parenthood and parenting. Parenthood is theprocess of becoming a parent through giving birth to a new born butparenting is a broader and comprehensive that constitutes all theactivities and duties involved in caring for a child’s growth anddevelopment (Virasiri et al., 2011). The authors assert that the artof parenting is learnt and the parent has the duty of proving thepsychological and physical health of the child. According to thesetwo authors, can be defined as a two-way traffic concept from theparent to the child and from the child to the parent.
The third article that was reviewed in this concept analysis isLong-term effects of parenting practices during adolescence onwell-being outcomes in young adulthood by Aquilino & Supple.According to these authors, parenting has long term effects on thehealth of the child. The health may be that of the mind or physicalhealth. According to these authors, parenting plays a central role inthe health and general well-being of the child. The authors focusedmainly on adolescent children and how parenting may affect theirbehaviors. The effects of parenting in this article focuses on youngadults (Aquilino & Supple, 2001). The effects of parentinghighlighted in the article are mainly mental or psychological innature. The authors have defined parenting as the practices by aparent, teacher, health worker or a caregiver that have a directinfluence on the well-being of a child from birth to young adulthood.
Theoretical and operation definition of the concept
Theoretically, parenting is viewed as the activities, practices androles that a parent plays in the bringing up of a child. It is thecare that a parent accords to a child to ensure successful growth beit physically or mentally and also to ensure that the child’sgrowth is healthy. Parenting and nursing are intertwined since nursesare caregivers and health workers who work with families and thecommunity. In nursing practice, the definition of the concept ofparenting is more or less the same. The operational definitionfocuses on the roles that a nurse plays in the healthy upbringing ofa child. This may include advising the parents, advocacy campaigns inthe community regarding effective parenting and taking care ofchildren with chronic illnesses such as cancer or permanent physicaldisability. In practice, parenting is a broad and comprehensivepractice that is difficult for the parent.
Application of parenting concept in nursing
Parenting knowledge and skills are extremely vital in the field ofnursing since they inform the nursing practices. Nurses interact andwork with families and communities on their daily basis. Oneapplication of parenting knowledge is when the nurses are engaged inadvocacy campaigns relating to parenting. It is the role of thenurses and other health workers to be engaged in the community ineducating them on the best ways of effective parenting. It is evidentthat the nurses will require knowledge in effective parenting inorder to run such advocacy campaigns. Secondly, parenting concept isessential when nurses are dealing with cases of children with chronicdiseases or permanent physical disability. It is useful to note thatsuch children require specialized parenting and the parents mayrequire training and guidance regarding such parenting practices. Thenurses are at the center in such cases and must ensure that suchparents acquire the essential parenting tips.
Parenting concept is also applicable in nursing where parents givebirth in hospitals and are not in a position to take of the child.The nurses are required to step up and take care of the child.Parenting skills and knowledge will be required in such instances.Additionally, nurses and the nursing profession in general, is facedwith children health issues on day to day basis. It is paramount forthe nurses to be a position to determine whether the health issue isas a result of poor parenting or it is as a result of other factors.Most health issues such as stress and depression in children might beas a result of poor parenting such as psychological abuse by theparents. The nurses must have parenting concept knowledge and skillsin order to determine the best course of action with regard tovarious children health issues. Parenting concept will be extremelyuseful in the future advocacy campaigns and also in the training ofnurses. This analysis have provided insight into the need ofequipping nurses with parenting skills and knowledge. Parentingconcept can be used in the future to enhance children health andwell-being.
Value of parenting concept analysis to the understanding ofnursing knowledge
The above analysis of the parenting concept is an eye opener to thebroader nature of nursing discipline. The analysis has highlightedthat the nursing knowledge extend to the care given to families andcommunities. The analysis has also enabled me to understand thatparenting and the promotion of health in the families and communitiesis a role of the health workers. Health workers are a part of thestakeholders in the healthy bringing up of the children. Prior to theanalysis, it was assumed that the role of parenting is solely left tothe biological parents. However, this analysis has demonstrated thatparenting is a responsibility for biological parents, as well as thenurses. The analysis has also made me gain enormous nursingknowledge. I have learnt that metal illnesses in children are mainlyas a result of poor or abusive parenting.
The concept analysis has provided the platform for further nursingresearch regarding parenting. Nurses can use the knowledge in thisanalysis to carry out research and gain knowledge on the variousvariables that affect parenting. The core attributes of parenting canalso be used by the nurses to develop tools for assessing parentingefficiency. Additionally, the nursing fraternity can add into theirknowledge by analyzing the parenting problems and coming up withappropriate solutions.
Aquilino, W. & Supple, A. (2001). Long-term effects of parentingpractices during adolescence on well-being outcomes in youngadulthood. Journal of Family Issues, 22, 289-308.
Virasiri, S., Yunibhand, J., & Chaiyawat, W. (2011). Parenting:What are the Critical Attributes? J Med Assoc, 94(9),1109-1116. Retrieved from: http://www.mat.or.th/journal
Francine de Montigny. (2014). Perceived parental efficacy: Conceptanalysis. Journalof Advanced Nursing. Retrieved from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/8031907_Perceived_parental_efficacy_Concept _analysis