Personaltheory of psychological problems
Personaltheory of psychological problems
Thereare several types of psychological problems that affect individualsin the society. These problems range from mild problems that does notsignificantly affect an individual’s life to serious mental healthproblem that have huge impacts on normal life or are lifethreatening. An important aspect of psychological problem is the factthat it affects both the patients and the immediate society. Forexample, a mentally disturbed individual may be a threat to himselfas well as other people around them. There are numerous explanationsand theories that explain psychological problems and mental healthproblems. These theories seek to identify the risk factors thatpredispose an individual to psychological problems. According to mypersonal theory, the environment and life experiences is the maincause of psychological problems. The environment refers to allfactors that an individual encounter in his or her daily life that islikely to have a direct or indirect impact on his or herpsychological health. The environment includes both individualfactors as well as societal factors. For example, a life event orexperience that can result into a feeling of loss may be a stressorthat is likely to result into development of a mental disorder. Thus,some of the basic environmental factors and life experiences that areassociated with psychological problems include family life, socialrelationships, drug abuse, social expectation, low self esteem andfinancial problems. Isolations from the society, loneliness,neglect, abuse, discrimination, unemployment, homelessness or socialdisadvantage have been identified as major causes of psychologicalproblems (Steg et al, 2012, Feldman& Papalia, 2012).However, it is important to note that both environmental andnon-environmental problems play an important role in the developmentof psychological problems. This paper looks at my personal theory onhow it can be used to explain the development of psychologicalproblems.
Lifeevents that results into emotional distress are some of the majorcauses of psychological problems and mental disorders. Individualswho have been physically, sexually, emotionally abuses or experiencedsignificant levels of bullying are domestic violence are more likelyto suffer from some form of psychological problems. This happens inboth adults and children, although children are at a higher risk dueto their venerability. Through interaction with other environmentaland individual factors, the incidences of abuse are likely to resultinto mental disorders. Stressful life events have been linked to moodand anxiety disorders, among other psychological disorders. However,it is important to note that in many people, a real risk ofpsychological problems appears as a result of repeated emotionallytraumatizing events over time resulting into cumulative events.Nonetheless, an exposure to a single but major traumatizing event mayresult into major psychological problems including post traumaticstress disorder. It is also important to note that individuals havevarying level of resilience to traumatizing life events. Thesusceptibility of some individuals relative to others suggests thatnon environmental factors such as inherited characteristic may havean influence on the development of psychological problems (Steg etal, 2012).
Dysfunctionalfamilies and social structures that result into poor parentage,children abuse and neglect is also a major environmental factor thatis associated with psychological problems. Majority of people withserious mental problem were brought up in dysfunctional families.This resulted into poor parentage. For example, separation from oneof the parents or bereavement increases the risk of havoc in anindividual’s life, resulting into stressful experiences. Evidencesuggests that children are more susceptible to emotional harmcompared to adults. Therefore, the environment in which a child isbrought up has a huge influence on the psychological health of thechild. For example, neglect of children, which includes failure toprovide basic needs, protection or age appropriate care results intopsychological problems. Neglect is significantly different from abusebecause it does not result into harm or injuries. However, since itis more difficult to detect and in some cases it is unintentional, asignificant number of children are likely to develop psychologicalproblems because of neglect (Pike, 2006).
Anotherenvironmental factor that is associated with psychological problemsis social relationship. How an individual relates with his peers,workmates or schoolmates has an influence on his or her psychologicalhealth. The relationship between a child and his or her parent canresult into depression. On the other hand, parental relationship anddivorce result into parental depression which also affects thepsychological health of the children. Challenges in intimaterelationship in young adults have also been associated with numerousincidences of psychological problems. Therefore, the presence of orlack of social relationship may result into psychological problems.The quality of personal relationship as well as how a personinteracts with other has a direct impact on the quality of life.Individuals with poor interpersonal skills are more likely to engagewith fights with friends and family members. This increases the riskof emotional problems. In the modern society, the incidences ofdivorce are on the rise. This has resulted into increased incidencesof psychological problems that are associated with dysfunctionalfamilies and disappointing relationships. Although the negativeeffects of divorce in the society are exaggerated, it has a hugeimpact on the spouses and children psychological health. This isbecause of the disappointment associated with broken intimaterelationships, long durations of conflicts, impacts of separationsand increased focus on the divorce (Steg et al, 2012).
Socialexpectations, social problems and economic or financial challengesmay also significantly influence psychological health of anindividual. The expectation of a society from an individualinfluences how he or she views himself or herself. Failure to achievethe society expectations may result into low self esteem which isassociated with psychological problems. A person with low self islikely to be aggressive and violent, and had a higher likelihood ofdeveloping mental and anxiety disorder. Majority of individuals areunable to meet the social expectation due to economic challenges.Thus, poverty becomes an important cause of psychological problems.Majority of people suffering from mental and psychological disordersare relatively poor. Homelessness, lack of affordable housing,unemployment and inability to meet basic financial needs is directlylinked to mental illness. Poverty also predisposes an individual toother environmental factors that trigger psychological problems. Forexample, poor people are more likely to engage in substance abuse,violence, neglect, dysfunctional families, and antisocial activities,which increase the risk of psychological problems. Social problemssuch as availability of drugs, discrimination and cultural systemscan result into emotional trauma and consequently psychologicalproblems. Drug abuse is viewed as one of the direct causes of mentaldisorders. However, it is as a result of other environmental factorsthat predisposes individuals to drug abuse. Additionally, drug abuseis one of the indications that an individual has psychologicallyproblems (Steg et al, 2012).
Feldman,P., & Papalia, D. (2012). Experiencehuman development.(12 ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Pike,A.et al (2006). “Family environment and adolescent depression andantisocial behavior: a multivariate genetic analysis”.DevelopmentalPsychology,32, 590 -603.
Steg,L. et al (2012). Environmentalpsychology: an introduction,Malden, MA : Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.