Salt/ Sodium Chloride

Salt/Sodium Chloride

Salt/Sodium Chloride

Salt(salt chloride) is a physical inorganic substance that most peopleuse in to make food delicious, as well as a cleaning agent among manyother uses. It is manufactured from two sources rock salt(crystallized salt) and brine (water that contain a highconcentration of salt). Rock salt is a single-crystal or unitcrystal, or mono-crystal material (Holman &amp Stone, 2001).

Thismeans that the periodicity in crystal pattern extends through aparticular piece of materials. Other examples of single crystalinclude calcites and quartz. The material has a rock salt crystalstructure. This structure present chloride ions and sodium ions occurin the same environment.

Rocksaltcrystal structure (X is the anion whereas M is the cation) (Holman etal., 2001).

Thiskind of structure has ccp/fccanions, whereby cations fully occupy the octahedral sites whereas thetetrahedral sites are empty. Each cation (chloride ion) is surroundedby six anions (sodium ion). Likewise, each anion is coordinated bycations in an octahedral manner.

Sodiumchloride is widely used as an electrolyte. An electrolyte refers to asubstance that when dissolved in water gives rise to a solution thatcan conduct electricity. Due to its rocksalt structure, NaCl easilydisintegrate into ions when dissolved in water thus making both thecation (Na+)and anions (Cl)to move or mobilize. Due to its structure it fully ionizes whendissolved in water giving rise to a very strong electrolyte. In otherwords, the solute is said to be a hundred percent ionized. Accordingto Holman et al (2011), calcium chloride, nitric acid, and chloricacid are other examples of in organic compounds that fully ionize inwater to form very strong electrolytes.

Reference

Holman,S &amp Stone, P. (2001). Chemistry.Nelson Thornes.