South Asia


SouthAsia is the region in the larger Asia continent covering thefollowing countries. They are India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka,Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Nepal, and Bhutan. The area hasother names under it including the terms Indian plate and the BritishIndian Ocean Territory. The south of the region border the IndianOcean while the rest of the land is separated from the rest of Asiaby the Himalayan ranges, which include Mount Everest- the highestpoint in the East. The region has three major regions namely thenorthern mountains, northern plains and the Deccan plateau. Themountains include The Himalayas which provide a boundary and acts asa source of rivers and the Hindu Kush that is the source of themajority of rivers. The northern plains are densely populated sinceit has the major rivers the Indus and Ganges. The rivers are a majorsource of activity including transport, farming, and religion. Thethird region is the Deccan plateau, and the monsoon wind acts as asource of rainfall for agriculture. The area is low lying and hencemajor economic activities ranging from mining, agriculture toindustrialization are conducted. All the countries of nbelong to the economic block of n association for regionalcooperation. India is the largest economy with more than eighty-fivepercent of the total output followed by Pakistan (Abbasi153).


EastAsia is the area in the eastern part of Asia and comprises thefollowing countries. People`s Republic of China, South Korea, NorthKorea, Macau, Mongolia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Japan. The climate ofthe area allows for a warmer summer and a cold winter. However,rainfall in East Asia falls during the warm temperate season, hence,allowing rice to grow in the warm temperate climate. The yield peracreage for rice is higher in this region than does other crops andcan in effect feed a larger population. Japan is an isolated islandand thus has developed a strong cultural identity. Fishing andindustrialization are among the leading economic activity. Chinapopulation is concentrated in the central and east China and halimited arable land. The two Korea countries are rich in mineral andare not like Japan that relies on imports for its industries supply.The East Asian countries are proposing a trading block that may beoperational soon if talks underway go as planned. The rivalry fordominance between China and Japan remain the greater hindrance inaddition to tension between North and South Korea plus the Vietnamcountries (Chia&amp Hill 76).


Indiais an Asian country in and is located on the Indian plate.The country border the Indian Ocean, Pakistan and all the other southAsian countries. India can be divided into six major physiographicregions. The first is the northern mountain dominated by theHimalayas and act as the source of major rivers. The next is thepeninsular plateaus that are high flat areas including Deccan. Act asa source of rivers and is a rich area for agriculture activities.Indo-Gangetic plain is third, and the area is only dominated byrivers that provide a long range of economic activities. The TharDesert is the other region dominated by dunes and attracts a littlepopulation. The coast is next while the sixth is the island. India isa member state of the G-20 and also the BRICS. It large populationmakes it the second largest economy in terms of consumption.


Abbasi,Bushra A. Geographyof : As a Whole Region.Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2008. Print.

Chia,Lin S, and R D. Hill. South-eastAsia, a Systematic Geography.Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1979. Print.