Sputnik Article Discussion

SPUTNIK ARTICLE DISCUSSION 4

SputnikArticle Discussion

SputnikArticle Discussion

Thetime of the cold war was marked by many events that involvedpolitical, economic and technological issues. The events encompassedthe developments that marked the ideological rivalry between thecapitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union. The readingon Sputnik provides surprising facts that many could not haveunderstood happened during the cold war. In the area of Sputnik, moreof the developments are about technology and science, especially withthe rise of the need to explore the space. I have always known moreabout the ideological rivalry between the two antagonists, but thereare some issues that have surprised me after reading the articleabout Sputnik.Oneof the things that have surprised me from reading the news articleabout Sputnik is that it was a result of works by scientists who werevictimized of failure in the Second World War. It is surprising toknow that Sergei Korolev and Andre Tupolev were directly victimizedby the failure of the war planes they had made during the war. Theywere blamed fully for the bombing of the soviet war planes in theSecond World War, as they were deemed to be weak compared to thesuperior German war planes developed by the Nazi scientists (D2LSputnik Article, n.d). This shows the extent of control that thestate had on the scientific developments that were established at thetime of the Second World War and during the cold war.Whatis more surprising is that the Nazi scientists were perhaps theoriginators of space science. Russian success in the space technologyduring the twentieth century was as a result of the technologyapplied by the Nazi scientists. The scientific developments by theNazi scientists were superior because they formed the basis of theSoviet space science that fueled Russia into the global success. Itis more surprising if a person notes that the leader in the UnitedStates space program was also a Nazi scientist. Inaddition, I am surprised that there existed internationalorganizations of scientists as early as the mid nineteenth century.It is surprising that scientists had developed the aspects oforganizing themselves in terms of expert authorities that consultedand deliberated on issues affecting them. This shows that they hadobjective ideas that were based on the desire to develop scientificadvancements other than align to the political developments. It isinteresting to know that as early as 1919 the InternationalAstronomical Union had founded a strong body that held high standards(D2L Sputnik Article, n.d). This shows that international scientistshad a unity that was based on the universality of science, other thanneeding to accomplish nationalistic goals like those sought by theUnited States and the Soviet Union during the cold war.Iam also surprised that the launch of Sputnik was considered to be avictory of the Soviet Union against the United States. I have alwaysunderstood that the cold war was basically a rivalry of ideologiesand military strength, but I get surprised that the launch of ascientific development was taken to be a victory. This is because Isubscribe to the thought that scientific innovations were supposed topromote the development of the society, other than prove supremacyover other nations. On the other hand, the Americans were stillworking towards surpassing the soviet developments. Therefore JamesVan Allen was working with the Rand Foundation in Washington D.C inthe United States. Reference

D2LSputnik Article, Posted in the D2L