Standpointtheory refers to the postmodern way of evaluating inter-subjectivediscourses. This discipline entails the manner with which authorityare linked to individual perspectives and the influence suchauthority asserts. This theory originates from feminist scholarsspecialized in unravelling the position on gender and the manner inwhich the feminine viewpoints influence and shape communication inwomen among themselves and others. Feminist researchers have mainlyevaluated this concept in terms of feminist epistemology in socialsciences, an area that has received major influence and initiatedmost debate.
Thisstandpoint theory had its origin in the master/slave dialectic whichwas advanced by Karl Marx. Karl Marx and other agitators for therights and freedom of slaves advocated that the oppressed slaves caneventually attain freedom of consciousness. According to this view,this state of mind is possible when the slaves realize theirself-consciousness by demanding their rights in different ways. Ineffect this struggle will shape the world of slaves, this evaluationled to the realization that injustice and oppression are betterunderstood from the perspective of slave rather than that of theirmaster.
KarlMarx further builds this idea within the framework of dialectic ofclass consciousness (Ritzer, 2011), which eventually culminated inthe emergence of proletarian standpoint- capital initiation- as theground of epistemology. This Marxist tradition resulted finally tothe birth of standpoint theorists which had a multifaceted vision,with claims that those undergoing social relation experiences due totheir marginalized position, to a certain degree provide them anepistemic advantage.
Ritzer,George (2011). Classical Sociological Theory, (6th Ed). Boston:McGraw Hill. (ISBN: 978-0-07-802665-2)