Nursesand Laboring Women in the 20thcentury
Nurses had the primary objective of monitoring laboring women because the doctors considered the processing as follows
In the 1960s, nurses were mandated to monitor the laboring women before and after the delivery process so that the physicians would attend to other patients who needed immediate medical attention. It was the nurses’ responsibility to ensure that the pregnant women were monitored so that when the time for delivering the baby had arrived, the doctors would be called in to carry out the procedure. Basically, the physicians were delegated the duty of controlling the delivery process so that the life of both the mother and the baby were not in harm’s way.
Nurses & Childbirth Tools
In the early 20th century, nurses used medical tools to detect the extent of the mother’s delivery process through the use of the following child bearing tools
Thermometer to detect fever
Watches and clock to count the pulse and time contractions
Stethoscope to detect the fetal heart beat.
Clinical strips to determine the levels of ketones and albumin in the urine
However, childbirth at the hospitals was unpopular before the 1960s as laboring women opted to give birth at home. Therefore, in order for the hospitals to become popular among pregnant women, they incorporated a home setting in the delivery wards.
The first ever electronic fetal monitors appeared in the labor rooms in the United States towards the end of the 1960s.
The essence of this technology was that the fetus was perceived as a hidden patient who needed to be monitored during the labor process. Soon, the labor ward was referred to as the fetal intensive care units and obstetric medicine and maternity as fetal medicine and nursing practices.
AdvancedTechnology in Fetal Monitoring
In the mid-20th century, the first photos of a fetus in the womb were published and instantly the world changed its perception of women.
In the 21st century, doctors conduct sonograms to view inside a woman’s body unlike Martha Ballard’s time when women needed to tell their husbands of their pregnancy or waited until it showed. However, nowadays women’s bodies are in the public domain due to the medical technology that has exposed every aspect of a woman’s body from a medical perspective.
Nurses& Fetal Monitoring
The introduction of the electronic fetal monitors forced nurses from across the United States to become acquainted with the equipment and machinery in order to improve nurse-doctor collegiality. In other words, it was a tool that enhanced communication between nurses and doctors since it offered an accurate prediction of the events to occur during labor.
Moreover, this technology served as an assurance of the duration and procedure for child birth.
The implementation of this technology by physicians was not based on improving labor services but rather
Control obstetricians care
Skillful deployment of nurses
Sensitize the world of America’s technological imperative
NursingAfter World War II
At the end of World War 2, nurses were no longer needed in obstetrical care since the rate of mortality had declined tremendously due to the electric fetal monitoring equipment. Hence, nurses were obliged to work closely with expectant mothers in terms of coaching them on how to deliver without difficulty or pain.
Nurses gained massive experience with the machines to the extent of doing the physician’s work. In the early 20th century, nurses wanted their expertise differentiated from medicine through the creation of new nursing positions like
ModernNursing & Technology
Nurses have not been recognized as the force behind the success in the medical field in the United States because of the overwhelming presence and usage of medical technology.
Nurses are tasked with the responsibility of caring while medical technology should cure the patients.
Sandelowski,Margarete. (2000). Devices& Desires: Gender, Technology and American Nursing.Chapel Hill: UNC Press.