Theeffectiveness of the offender reentry program in the criminal justicesystem
Theoffender reentry program
Alarge number of prisoners that are currently detained in the prisonswill someday be released to join the rest of the community. Also,there are more criminals moving to the public currently compared tothe situation previously. The reentry system is a networked programthat involves a broad range of governmental and social programs andnetworks that work in unison. The policies governing the reentrysystems vary depending on the states. Typically, the policiesgoverning prisoners and the programs accessible to them whether inprison or out of prison is dependent on a variety of factors. Allthis factors have a core goal of shaping the character of theprisoners, and making them behave as per the expectations of thecommunity (Petersilia,2004).
Therefore,offender reentry, also called as reentry, means the return ofprisoners from imprisonment back to the community where they belong.It is important to note that the reentry involves numerous programspartnerships, or initiatives that address the necessary issues toensure the prisoner will uphold a crime-free existence after release.Although the broad definition of offender reentry mainly entails allthe activities that mostly have an impact on the reentry of theprisoner into the society, it might be timewasting to evaluate thegovernment policies. Typically, reentry is referred to as anyactivity that a detainee undergoes when they are in prison to helpthem fit in the society when they are released.
Offenderreentry program effectiveness
Incomparison with other social sciences fields, there has been theexistence of a proportional absence of planned studies of the mattersof the reentry program. In the recent decades, there has been a riseof discussions on the issue of offender reentry, and there have beennew studies to on the same subject. The offender reentry program is acrucial program to shape the inmates character to be acceptable bythe community so that they can comfortable in the community.Typically, this program involves any activities that the prisonersare subjected to help them behave in a manner that pleases the entirecommunity. Frequently, such activities include those that will becritical to curbing the issues of theft and rape cases. In mostinstances, the inmates have always participated in such crimes, andso the offender reentry program helps them to deal with suchcharacter. Typically, the reentry program is crucial in helping theinmates to get back to the community safely (Seiter,et al. 2003).
Therefore,the offender reentry program is responsible for shaping the characterof most of the inmates to be accepted by the community as a whole.Most of the programs/activities that the prisoners are subjected toare efficient enough to shape the characters of the lawbreakers andalso change their minds to be productive enough. The reentry programis capable enough since most of the inmates end up to be productiveenough, and they play a crucial role in the development of thecommunity.
Additionally,it is important to note that the offender reentry program just apartfrom shaping the characters of the inmates, the program also givesthem ideas for income generation. Research has it that most of theinmates are brought into custody because they do not have an incomegenerating source yet they want to live a better life. Therefore,they end up acquiring property that does not belong to them. Theoffender reentry program also offers ideas to the prisoners regardingthe ways that they can generate their money. The reentry programexploits the abilities of the inmates and encourages them to workharder and generate income. This way, the prisoners will be kept busyand in some way, they might seek employment or even get to beself-employed. Through such a program, it is possible to reduce theinstances of crimes in the community since every member of thecommunity will be contented with their income.
Besides,the offender reentry method is efficient in reforming thoseindividuals who have been victims of substance abuse. For most of theprisoners that returned to their communities, substance abuse isusually associated with their hardships to maintain their houses, andalso mental health. Typically, research has it that substance abusetreatment can play a crucial role in the reduction of recidivism, andalso substance abuse among those individuals who participate in theprogram. It is effective in most of the cases where the substanceabuse treatment is given in a therapeutic community setting.According to a study in the Clearinghouse to evaluate theeffectiveness of the therapeutic community substance abuse treatment,program participation had a positive impact. Those individuals thatparticipated in this program experienced a positive change bothsubstance abuse and recidivism. The research also suggested that theaftercare plan can help to promote a positive outcome for those whoparticipate in the program. Most of the studies that evaluate thoseindividuals who do not participate in the in the therapeuticcommunity program for substance abuse hard a harder time to stopsubstance abuse. Typically, substance abuse treatment is a programfor offender reentry, and it is efficient enough to help individualsto overcome the issues of substance abuse (Pogorzelski,et al. 2005).
Theoffender reentry program is effective for the education of theprisoners so that they can fit in the current world. In the presentcentury, educational credentials are vital so that you can getemployment in the current competitive global economy. However, mostof the prisoners have lower levels of education. Therefore, to helpmost of this prisoners to fit the community. Most of the correctionalfacilities provide educational programs that include the adult basiceducation, and the GED program. These programs help in theempowerment of the inmates so that they can be competent once theyare released to join the community. Some of the other educationalprograms offered include the vocational training, and post-secondaryand college program. The research showed that the post-secondaryeducation had a positive impact on the substance abuse addicts.Therefore, the offender reentry program is efficient in providing theappropriate education to the inmates, and also makes them competentin the global economy (Wilkinson,2001).
Lastly,it is important to note that the vital thing to the ex-offendersafter they transition back to the community is an employmentopportunity. Prisoners who are released to join the community have anotion that employment as one of the primary factors as to why theystayed in custody. Studies have shown that employment can facilitatein the prevention of recidivism. The offender reentry method helps toshape the employment character of the ex-prisoners. Therefore, theemployment program helps the ex-offenders to find ways to survive inthe community. This way, the employment offender reentry programhelps the ex-offenders to find ways that they can generate income. Astudy to examine the effect of that provided the job training servicefor prisoners showed that the training reduced recidivism. Also, theprogram helps the released prisoners to find post-incarcerationemployment. Typically, research has it that most of the prisonersthat participate in the program had a lower chance of recidivism(Lurigio,et al. 2004).
Inthe earlier two decades, the number of the ex-offenders beingreleased into the community and the prison population haveexperienced a tremendous increase. Therefore, this has put force onthe public law makers to give services that will smooth therehabilitation procedure. They formulate programs that the offenderswill participate in and start a new leaf. In most cases, numerousprograms are successful since the offenders’ reform in such a waythat the public will accept their behavior. In other instances, theprimary challenge occurs when the offender is involved in a new crimethat they have not yet formulated a program for it. Typically, mostof the programs offered by the correctional facilities are crucial inshaping the character of the offenders so that they can fit in thecommunity. In conclusion, offender reentry is a method includes allthe activities that are impinged on the prisoner’s life beforetheir reentry into the society. Therefore, the offender reentryprogram is crucial in shaping the prisoners’ character, and alsothe program helps to create space in the prisons. The correctionalfacilities are usually unable to sustain the growing numbers oflawbreakers, and thus the reentry program is critical to returningother prisoners to the community.
Lurigio,A. J., Rollins, A., & Fallon, J. (2004). Effects of SeriousMental Illness on Offender Reentry, The. Fed.Probation, 68,45.
Petersilia,J. (2004). What works in prisoner reentry-Reviewing and questioningthe evidence? Fed.Probation, 68,4.
Pogorzelski,W., Wolff, N., Pan, K. Y., & Blitz, C. L. (2005). Behavioralhealth problems, ex-offender reentry policies, and the “SecondChance Act”. AmericanJournal of Public Health, 95(10),1718.
Seiter,R. P., & Kadela, K. R. (2003). Prisoner reentry: What works, whatdoes not, and what is promising. Crime& Delinquency, 49(3),360-388.
Wilkinson,R. A. (2001). Offender reentry: A storm overdue. CorrectionsManagement Quarterly, 5(3),46-51.