THE LATINO-HISPANIC ETHNIC GROUP 1
TheLatino-Hispanic Ethnic Group
The Latino-Hispanicgroup in the United States is the only ethnic group recognized andcounted according to the United States’ Census. The Censusrecognizes a Latino/Hispanic person to be of any race. The UnitedStates’ Office of Management and Budget defines a Latino/Hispanicperson to be of Cuban, Puerto Rican, Mexican, or either South orCentral American origin, irrespective of the race. According to theUnited States’ Census Bureau, it estimated the population as ofAugust 2nd, 2013, to be roughly 54 million Latino/Hispanicgroup alone living in the United States (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014).The total population represented an approximate 17% of the totalpopulation in the United States.
Within the largerLatin American group, the Latino/Hispanic group variability accordingto the 2010 Census Bureau included five separated racial responsecategories, which is woven into the larger group. Variability by theLatino/Hispanic race and origin are regarded to be two distinct andseparate concepts. This variability within the larger group reflectson a type of social definition of ethnicity and race recognized inthe United States, and does not conform to any of anthropological,biological, or genetic criteria (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014). Thevariability considers data on ethnicity collected by the UnitedStates Census to be either Latino or Hispanic, and not identifiedbased on the countries of origin.
The first time theUnited States’ Census officially recognized this census categorywas in the 2010 Census, which allowed users of the census to accessthe files as Hispanic sub-groups rather than the Major groups of thelarger Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban nationalities (U.S. CensusBureau, 2014). In the survey questionnaire found on the Census, alsoresponded on the Latino/Hispanic subgroup and not on differentnationalities in the United States Census records. The variabilitywithin the larger Latin American group includes distinctivesubgroups.
Latin America inthe United States is made of subgroups, which include the Mexicans,Salvadorians, Puerto Ricans, Colombians, Hondurans, and Peruviansamong others. The subgroups make up the majority of Latino/Hispanicgroup with six of the majority subgroups having more than 1 millionpeople in population according to the United States Census (U.S.Census Bureau, 2014). Apart from the Latin Americans, Africans, bothas freemen or slaves, became part of the Latino group in Mexico.
Better known as theBlack Mexicans, the ethnic groups in Mexico comprises of the Africanorigin to Mexico. Blacks in Mexico were as a result of the slavetrade that was active during the colonial period. With smallernumbers of black Mexicans, the population grew to what it is todaythrough regular intermarriages and traditions of mixing culture bythe Mexicans. Africans in Mexico, and both the South and CentralAmerican were completely absorbed into the Hispanic group, while theywere kept apart in the United States (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014). Thisis because these regions created an identity, which emphasized onpassive elimination of slavery and instead absorbed them throughcreation of unions. They instead embraced the Africans while theUnited States continues to practice slavery.
Colorism, a kind ofdiscrimination within-group affects negatively on the African Mexicanmembership today. This is because of lack of clear path, whichhighlights on the significance of a concise colorism history in theLatin America. As a result, language plays a role of uniting peoplefrom different nationalities, color, race, and ethnicity (U.S. CensusBureau, 2014). Religion also plays a part when language becomes achallenge. Religion and culture values people’s beliefs andtraditions, while upholding celebrated values from diverseindividuals.
U.S. Census Bureau (2014). 2010 Census: Summary file 2. U.SDepartment of Commerce: Washington, U.S Retrieved From http://www.census.gov/topic/population/hispanic-origin/about.html