The Stroop Effect and Visual Perception


TheStroop Effect and Visual Perception

Stroopeffect, in psychology, is the expression of interference whichhappens in the reaction time of attending to a given task. Forexample, when one is naming a color, in a situation where the name ofthe color has been printed in a different color, one may take lengthytime in naming the color. In most clinical tests, stroop tests havebeen created using the stroop effect. The stroop effect and visualperception will be discussed in this paper.


Whichtask would be harder? Why?

Fromthe research done, it is apparent that the task of naming the colorconstituting the second set of words is more difficult compared tothe task of naming the color constituting the first set of words. Thereason is due to the incidence of interference. In this case, namingcolors is seen to require more attention compared to reading words.

Whatis the role of the anterior cingulate in audiovisual processing andthe symptoms of brain injury to this area?

Theanterior cingulate is where systems that are concerned withattention, emotions, as well as working memory interact so well toprovide a source for the energy of internal action (reasoning) andexternal action (movement). Generally, the role of anteriorcingulated is in cognitive processes (Galotti, 2010). Symptoms ofbrain injury to this area entail impairment in emotional expressionas well as impairment in reasoning.

Discusswhether a person with dyslexia or a brain injury would have more orless trouble with this task

Someonethat has dyslexia or a brain damage is likely to have a lot ofdifficulty handling the task. This is because someone having dyslexiaor a brain damage is likely to make more errors because of the highincidences of interference (Galotti, 2010). Besides, someone withdyslexia or a brain damage will have more difficulty handling thetask because he/she would tend to have extended reaction timecompared to someone without dyslexia or brain damage.

Howwould someone do on this task if he or she did not speak English?

Incase someone does not speak English, he/she is also likely to havedifficulty in the strooping test. This is because the person islikely to have a high interference as a result of not knowing theEnglish language (Jarvis &amp Russell, 2002). This implies that theperson would take more time in reacting to the names of the colorsdue to significant interference. Making of significant errors in thenaming of colors may also be experienced by such an individual.


DirectedAttention Fatigue (DAF) is very critical in the stroop effect. DAFresults in irritability and impulsivity, which leads to regrettableand thoughtless behavior, impatience, and distractibility. This maymake a person to engage in poor decision making.


Whatis the problem of final integration of visual information?

Visualinformation integrating with other senses is remarkably vital in theprocessing of information. The issue of final integration of visualinformation entails the problem whereby one is not in a position tointegrate more visual information with the other senses. This maybring further problems to a person.

Whatkind of problem(s) does this present regarding our understanding ofhow the brain works?

Failureof a person to integrate visual information with other senses maybecome a problem since one may not be capable of interpreting issuesin a quick way. In decision making, such an individual may beaffected since he/she may take a lot of time when making a decisionthat requires the integration of visual information with othersenses.

Isthis a problem that needs to be solved?

Thisis a problem that needs to be solved because it may affect the mannerin which an individual makes decisions. For instance, when a personis capable of integrating visual information with the rest of thesenses, it is exceedingly easy for the person to make criticaldecisions that require visual perception (Brodal, 2010).

Whatresearch has been conducted into this issue? Are there any recentpapers in the scientific literature that address this issue?

Aresearch that has been conducted into this issue entails researchdone by Aase (2008). The research pointed out that kids that havemisaligned eyes that point outwards are at a risk of developingmental illness. A recent research involving researchers from CarnegieMellon University indicates that everyone possesses a bias blindspot.


Whenreading names of color printed in another color, it emerges to bedifficult. This may make an individual to encounter errors whenreading such name. Besides, a person may take a long time finishingthe reading task. When using a stroop test in individuals havingdyslexia, it emerges that individuals having dyslexia may take longertime in completing the test compared to normal. This is because theinterference is higher in individuals having dyslexia.


Brodal,P. (2010). Thecentral nervous system: Structure and function.New York: Oxford University Press.

Galotti,K. M. (2010). Cognitivepsychology: In and out of the laboratory.Canada: Nelson.

Jarvis,M., &amp Russell, J. (2002). Keyideas in psychology.Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes.