Use of Acetaminophen to Enhance Comfort in Pediatric Children

Useof Acetaminophen to Enhance Comfort in Pediatric Children

Useof Acetaminophen to Enhance Comfort in Pediatric Children


Theproposed study will critically focus on the use of acetaminophen, itsingestion and possible effects on the children’s comfort levelbetween ages 0-5 years, especially when a fever is experienced. Thenature of the study will, therefore focus on the literature that willcritically explain the possible remedies that are used in the care ofa child’s fever and the comfort theory by Katharine Kolcaba’s.Additionally, this study will attempt to analyze the significantdevelopment and the application of the protocol of organizationalfever for the possible beneficial use of the symptom relief in mostof the distressed children experiencing fever. The methodology usedin the study is the use of the survey. The observational surveyinstrument will be used to gather data for the study. The aim of thepaper, therefore, is to reduce the child’s discomfort. The riskassociated with the study will include publication bias where it willfocus on peer-reviewed publications.

Accordingto Creswell, (2013), the publication bias may cause size effect, andthis will be based on the small number of studies to appear a bitlarger than the true underlying size effect. Publication bias is apotential threat specifically in the area of research that ismeta-analysis. The publication bias is measured by comparing theoutcome of the publications and it may cause other people to wastetime while repeating the work or even concealing the failed attemptsto significantly replicate the published research. The estimationeffect of the size bias will entail focusing on the risks resultingfrom the criterion used in the editorial decisions. The issue will beaddressed in the study by weighing larger studies heavily by the useof inverse variance weighting. The other risk associated with thestudy will be response bias. To manage this risk, the study willconduct a postal survey and use a case-control design, hencetargeting the population of interest reducing the response bias.


Theprimary aim of the study is to present a scholarly project that willbe focused on the nursing practice on the importance of the use ofacetaminophen in the children experiencing fever with an aim toenhance their comfort. Therefore, the study will evaluate criticallythe possible outcomes of the use of acetaminophen and its possibleeffects on the child’s comfort level between the ages 0-5 yearsparticularly when fever is experienced.


Thereis growing evidence that focuses on the numerous potential benefitsof the use of acetaminophen in children with fever to enhance theircomfort. The hypothesis of the study will be as follows: The childrenwho use the acetaminophen will be more likely to be comfortable and agreater perceived benefit than the non-users of acetaminophen. It isevident that those children who use the acetaminophen will be muchmore comfortable as compared to those children who are not using themedication. This study is an observational study, where it focused onobserving the child`s mood with fever, and if there was evidenceshowing they have discomfort, they are given acetaminophen to enhancecomfort. The study will also make use of a t-test before and after tosee if comfort has changed. The research question that will be usedto guide the study will be as below:

Whatis the effect of acetaminophen in feverish illness in children?

To test whether the hypothesis is true, the study would examine therandom sample from the entire population. Therefore, if the data isnot consistent with the established statistical hypothesis, then thehypothesis will be rejected. The quality of the answers will betested by the use of the item analysis process. For the purpose ofthe item analysis, the study will calculate the reliability and thevalidity of the answers and the outcome. According to Creswell,(2013), to ensure that the answers are of the high quality, they willbe compared to the answers given by various respondents in the studyand discard all the answers that may not be related to the researchquestion. The study will make the use of the observational surveyinstrument to gather information from the selected sample population.The dependent variable for the study is feverish illness in childrenages 0-5 years and the independent variable is the use ofacetaminophen to enhance comfort in children.


Creswell,J. W. (2013). Researchdesign: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches.Sage publications.