WORLD WAR AND THE COLD WAR 8
WorldWar and the Cold War
Thereare quite a number of links between the World War II and Cold Wargiven the fact that the end of WWII consequently led to the beginningof the Cold War. Immediately after the bomb attack of Hiroshima andNagasaki in Japan by the United States of America, which led tomassive loss of lives and property, the Nazi powers realized thatthey had lost strength to sustain the war. The Nazi powers thereforerelented and the 2ndWorld War came to an end in 1945. The most important thing is thatthe Soviet Union under the leadership of Joseph Stalin only sidedwith the Allied powers because of the fact that they had a commoninterest of eliminating Hitler and the Nazi regime. Soon after thatwas realized, USSR and United States could not operate as a teamanymore owing to their ideological differences, which led to theemergence of Cold War.
Whatis the relationship between the Second ?
First,it is important to highlight that after the end of the 2ndWorld War, there was emergence of an ideological difference betweenthe Union of Soviet and the Western nations, especially the UnitedStates. The USSR under the leadership of Stalin was emphasizing oncommunism that stresses on sharing of property in the society.However, the Western leaders led by the United States highly favoredcapitalism idea which allows for private ownership of property. Thedifference emerged at the Yalta conference whereby Germany wasdivided into the four occupation Zones to avert any future world war.According to the Yalta Conference agreement, the Allies led by the USwould occupy the three out of the total four zones. This again didnot end well but a difference emerged and the Soviet Union stronglyrejected the idea of supremacy and neo-colonialism that was beingimposed on the broken nation of Germany (Mundey, 1996).
Thesharp difference led to the division of the city of Berlin into eastand west. It is important to note that supporters of the USSRoccupied the east and the ardent supporters of the Allies powersoccupied the west. From the division in terms of “pro” and “anti”as far as the division of the great historic city of Berlin wasconcerned, it emerged very clear to the United States and the UnitedKingdom that the union of Soviet could not be trusted. The Union ofSoviet also realized that the allied powers had an interest ofbecoming superpowers by controlling every aspect of life in thepretext of safeguarding world peace after the World War II (Ness,2014).
Dueto the disagreement that became eminent between the Union of Sovietand the Allied Powers during the Yalta conference, the US, the UK andother members of the Allied powers responded immediately by comingup with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). This was aimedat bringing unity among the Eastern European nations but the USSR wasgiven the powers to act as their source of authority. However, theUnion of Soviet also did not watch things happen, it respondedquickly through its leader, Joseph Stalin by forming the infamousWarsaw Pact. What brought more problems and challenges was the deathof Stalin, the Soviet leader and his succession by Khrushchev. Theconstruction of the Berlin City took root and the Crisis broughtabout by the Cuban Missile brought to light that some nations, whichwere affiliated to the Union of Soviet, were secretly manufacturingnuclear weapons and other dangerous tools, which could be used toweaken the Allied Powers and their quest for controlling the worldstopped. The realization of the Cuban Missile Crisis explained to theworld that the main reason why the USSR worked with the Allied powersinclusive of the United States was because they had a common goal ofeliminating the Nazi era and after this, they had no interest ofentertaining the ideologies favored by the US anymore. The Union ofSoviet and the United States started to confront each other secretlyand their enmity grew tremendously the true colors of each sidebecame fully eminent. They therefore embraced an underground war awar that rarely adopted real fight. This kind of peaceful war is whatwas termed as the Cold War and it emerged following the consequencesof the World War II (Flint, 2006).
HowCold War and World War II affected the Position of US in the Worldand within
Studieshave shown that the 2ndWorld War and the Cold war made the American nation to be perceivedas the world watchdog and the super power nation in terms ofinnovations, ideas, economy, and security. This is based on the factthat it is the American nation that strategically used dangerousweapons to attack the two cities in Japan Hiroshima and Nagasaki.This was a perfect calculation because the US leadership knew thatthis was the last shot of war to welcome the everlasting world peace.Another issue is that the United States deployed several tactics,approaches and security measures to tear apart the Union of SovietSocialist Republics as a platform of ending the Cold War this becameprosperous in the 1990s (Milward, 2009 Flint, 2006).
TheCold War became a major influence on many aspects of the society ofthe United States especially in the 20thcentury. The American people made the world realize that they standfor the people’s interest on democracy, good governance, andcapitalism. This gives an implication that the value shared by theUnion of Soviet was basically communism that can only be realizedthrough dictatorial and authoritative governments. After the 2ndWorld War, it is good to recognize that both the US and the USSRemerged as the two world’s most super powers and their differenceshad an influence across the whole world. People of the world havestrongly defended American nation on their endeavors given the factthat the Union of Soviet could not be trusted due to its love ofpropaganda (Ness, 2014).
Throughboth the Cold War and the 2ndWorld War, the nation of America has greatly transformed in terms ofits domestic and foreign policies, culture, politics, and economicendowment. The national security of the United States deployed apropaganda tool by coming up with Hollywood to make anti-communistmovies and at the same time praising the American diverse and richculture. This proved to have positive consequences on the people ofAmerica and the world at large because it promotes a culture ofpatriotism, love for peace and recognition of diversity. It istherefore very clear that as a result of both the World War II andthe Cold War, the world has positive attitude towards the Americannation due to its engagement in promoting peace at whatever cost andshunning down authoritative and dictatorial governments thatundermines the principles of democracy (Milward, 2009 Ness, 2014).
Despiteof the many positive influences of the World War II and the Cold Waron the cultural aspects of the nation, it also brewed inequality interms of race. The black Americans among other minority groups weresubjected to slavery again although they had been freed approximately8 decades ago before the war. In the South American region, theblacks were still regarded as the second-class citizens and they weregreatly discriminated owing to the fact that most of them were notengaged in both wars. However, in his speech, President Truman seemedto have condemned such heinous treatments of the black even though hefailed to put strategies in place to avert that. He said in hisspeech that, “noted that if the United States were to offer the‘peoples of the world’ a ‘choice of freedom or enslavement’it must ‘correct the remaining imperfections in our practice ofdemocracy,” (Ailsby, 2004 Para 21). During the 1950s, just afterthe end of World War II and the beginning of Cold War, the Americannation realized a big change through initiation of fair employmentcommissions and the nation also came up with legislations that banneddiscrimination the black voter registration began to improve becauseof the two major changes on policy (Harrison, 1999).
Inthe aftermath of the World War II, the United States of Americadeveloped an effort to produce industrial goods and services en mass,which led to the explosion of the advertising industry. Theimprovement in the advertising and promotion industry resulted intoincreased customer base of such American industries superseding thelocal markets hence creating increased hysteria of owning suchcompanies by various wealthy individuals. The increased customer baseof American industrial goods led to tremendous improvement on therate of production and diversification because of the increaseddemand. Competition between different industries within theboundaries of the nation was hastened. This competition proved to bevery healthy given the fact that it led to accumulation of moreprofits and revenues, which the government could use to improve othersectors. With the mass benefits accrued by Americans after WWII, thenation put more emphasis on an economy, which could be managedthrough credit that had never tried and tested before the war. It istherefore very important to note that the adoption of credit cards isa representative of a very important change that took place after theboom of post-world war II (Mundey, 1996).
Throughthe research, it has become clear that the American nation hasdeployed its security agents in all corners of the world and hasentered into a lot of alliances and relationships that have a commonagenda of security security, peace and order. The Americangovernment after the fall of the Union of Soviet resorted to reducethe size of its military but improve its roles and responsibilities.It is very absurd and ironical to mention that the role of Americanmilitary in ensuring stability and co-existence improved after theend of the Cold War in the year 1994. From the year 1945 to 1994, ithas been noted that there have been more than 40 instances where thearmed forces of America have been used across the world for restoringpeace and stability. From the fall of the Union of Soviet up to thepresent moment, the instances have increased to barely 135. Thisshows that American commitments in maintaining world order increaseeveryday and this improvement can be attributed to the growing rateof terrorism attack in the whole world.
Ailsby,C. (2004). Hitler`sRenegades: Foreign Nationals in the Service of the Third Reich(Photographic Histories), Potomac Books.
Flint,K. (2006). AirborneArmour: Tetrarch, Locust, Hamilcar, and the sixth Airborne ArmoredReconnaissance Regiment 1938-1950.Helion & Company Ltd.
Harrison,M. (1999). The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers inInternational Comparison, Cambridge University Press.
Milward,A. (2009). War,economy, and society, 1939-1945,University of California Press.
Mundey,D. (1996). TheConcise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II.New York: Bounty Books.
Ness,L. (2014). Jane`sWorld War II and Cold War Tanks and Fighting Vehicles, the CompleteGuide,Harper Collins.